The study's principal goal is to investigate the leverage effect of photonics, particularly as applied to the European situation, to illustrate the degree to which this affects the development of new markets and to assess the potential economic and environmental impact of photonics technology take-up. As part of the study technologies, processes, applications or devices which depend on photonics technologies in their manufacture or require it to operate, without necessarily having a photonic component embedded in the final system, will need to be surveyed.