This study supported the European Commission in providing a comprehensive overview of existing initiatives around open and collaborative government through a mapping exercise, in order to facilitate the emergence, prioritisation and implementation of actions around open and modular digital public services and open policy making. This study also aimed at providing input to the European Commission to support the new dynamically evolving eGovernment Action Plan 2016-2020, in becoming
The study consists of four major parts:
- A report describing the current landscape of existing open government initiatives. This included defining ‘open government’, collecting existing open government practices and identifying existing digital enablers, drivers and barriers of open government;
- A report with recommendations on the effective policy mix on how to increase the uptake of open government practices across Europe. The study described the recommendations and structured them around several high-level policy objectives;
- A report with a methodology for the Action Plan that will be supported through the stakeholder consultation platform Futurium-eGovernment4EU. The methodology covers the process from submitting needs by citizens to eventually implementing the actions in different Member States and monitoring their progress; and
- A report on designing a stakeholder engagement and communication plan which describes how to inform the different stakeholders and to create awareness in order to attract stakeholders to Futurium.
The overall policy recommendations of the study SMART 2015/0041 call for: more transparent functioning of government; enhanced participation for effective policy making and incerased collaboration for better (digital) public services. This may include the implementation of the once-only principle, use of ICT standards and specifications, open methodologies for collaborative public service design and building shared infrastructures of reusable, decomposed digital services based on open standards. In addition, unlocking the economic potential of government assets and supporting new data ecosystems will also help increase the uptake of open government in general.