“Fake news” is a simplification of the complex problem of disinformation. Disinformation can be understood as false
information deliberately created and spread to influence public opinion or obscure the truth. Disinformation does
not include journalistic errors, satire, or parody. Fake news and online disinformation are not per se illegal and
thus are not covered by existing legislation or self-regulation although some Members States are looking into
- Communication of 26 April 2018: " Takling online disinformation: a European approach"
- Commission initiative to tackle online disinformation
- Results of the public consultation on fake news and online disinformation.
- Final Eurobarometer report on fake news and online disinformation.