In a Communication released on 26 April 2018, the European Commission put forward an action plan and self-regulatory tools to tackle the spread and impact of online disinformation in Europe and ensure the protection of European values and democratic systems. The Commission proposes an EU-wide Code of Practice on Disinformation, support for an independent network of fact-checkers, and tools to stimulate quality journalism.

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“Fake news” is a simplification of the complex problem of disinformation. Disinformation can be understood as false
information deliberately created and spread to influence public opinion or obscure the truth. Disinformation does
not include journalistic errors, satire, or parody. Fake news and online disinformation are not per se illegal and
thus are not covered by existing legislation or self-regulation although some Members States are looking into
legislative actions.

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