The document contains:
- Analysis of the water digitalisation level in Europe;
- Principles for standard and specification assessment;
- Coordinated efforts of the relevant stakeholders and end-users through different projects that could be used as use-cases for standards’ development;
- Proposed changes to the European Commission Rolling Plan for ICT standardisation in smart water management. The European Catalogue of ICT4Water standards and specifications also presents the adoption of priorities, feasibility of integration, interoperability recommendations and specifications in due consideration of the ICT Standardisation Priorities for the Digital Single Market.
Smart water management is a challenging task for all players within the next decade. The critical mass of smart devices in the infrastructure allowing identification of existing and future services in the cloud, implementation of IoT and big data analysis could not be reached without investments at all technological levels. The definition of the Water-as-a-Service micro and macro services at cloud level could not be achieved without standardised data flows and data sharing capabilities. The level of water service awareness for different actors and the transparency level of the water related information is far from the end-user requirements. Furthermore, the classification and profiling of the end-users and stakeholders is not standardised and could not be used in smart water service validation. The distinction between Anything-as-a-Service and Water-as-a-Service is not clearly defined.
The architecture that is interoperable to the smart cities, smart agriculture, smart environment, smart industry, smart home, smart health, smart marine and smart domain in general with well-defined southbound and northbound interfaces is still not well specified. Cloudification at different scales, i.e. smart dust, dew, fog, cloud computing including clouds integration is not considered seriously. Finally, the integration with existing legacy solutions and solutions beyond IoT, 5G and big data analytics are not described well.
Data sharing and data modelling based on clear ontology at European level could speed up the innovations and echnological solutions towards all presented gaps. This could be solved by SAREF extension for smart water services and smart metering devices by ETSI and CEN/CENELEC respectively [Danielle at al., 2018]. Selected 50 use-cases are a good approach towards the standardisation process where definition of the generic features of the platforms might be demonstrated through examples. The policy of the European Commission towards smart water ontology and business processes standardisation in the framework of Digital Single Market may lead to market harmonisation and fairness.