The testimonies are communicated by the authors in their own name. They do not constitute an opinion of the European Commission nor endorsement by the European Commission.

Online hatred agitates real-life violence. SUPPORT everyone, who becomes target of online harassment and HELP them report the abuse to police. Thank you for supporting freedom of speech!

Jessikka Aro is an award-winning investigative reporter with the Finnish Broadcasting Company. Aro specializes in Russia, extremism and information warfare. In 2014 she started to investigate the pro-Kremlin social media trolls' techniques and influence on public debates outside Russia's borders, and nowadays her reports are widely quoted and used in troll investigations internationally. Due to her investigations, she became the target of serious and still ongoing international propaganda and hate speech campaign. Currently Aro is writing an investigative book about the Kremlin's information warfare and trains reporters and the general public to recognise and counter online disinformation. Aro is also lobbying for better legislation to counter hybrid threats and protect citizens from state-sponsored online security threats.