The European Commission has adopted a formal Decision that will bring on stream shortly new commitments by the US Government, guaranteeing protection in the US for the personal data of transatlantic air passengers. The Decision indicates that the Commission considers that the data on air passengers transferred to the US authorities enjoys the "adequate protection" required under the EU's data protection Directive for data sent to countries outside the EU. The commitments given by the US, negotiated over the past year by the Commission with the US Department of Homeland Security, means that less personal data from the Passenger Name Records (PNR) of airlines are collected by the US authorities, that these are kept for a much shorter period and that they are used for more limited purposes, notably for the shared objective of fighting against terrorism. The Decision will enter into force once the US has signed its undertakings and once the international agreement that will complement the adequacy Decision has been signed by the Council and the US.