Media literacy refers to all the technical, cognitive, social, civic and creative capacities that allow us to access and have a critical understanding of and interact with media. These capacities allow us to exercise critical thinking, while participating in the economic, social and cultural aspects of society and playing an active role in the democratic process.
Media literacy is also a tool that can empower citizens, raise their awareness and support a critical approach to online content to help counter the effects of disinformation campaigns and fake news in today’s digital media landscape.
It covers different media: broadcasting, radio, press, through various channels: traditional, internet, social media and addresses the needs of all ages.
The European Commission brings together stakeholders in media literacy in an Expert Group on Media Literacy which meets annually to:
- identify, document and extend good practices in the field of media literacy;
- facilitate networking between different stakeholders, with the aim of cross-fertilisation;
- explore synergies between different EU policies and support programmes and media literacy initiatives.