Following the launch of its Artificial Intelligence Strategy in 2018, the European Commission appointed a group of 52 experts to advice for its implementation. The group members were selected following an open selection process and comprised representatives from academia, civil society and industry.

During the first year of its mandate, the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence (AI HLEG) worked on two main deliverables:


Deliverable 1: Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI

The document puts forward a human-centric approach on AI and list 7 key requirements that AI systems should meet in order to be Trustworthy.


Deliverable 2: Policy and Investment Recommendations for Trustworthy AI

Building on its first deliverable, the group has put forward 33 recommendations that can guide Trustworthy AI towards sustainability, growth and competitiveness, as well as inclusion – while empowering, benefiting and protecting human beings.


The results of the work of the AI HLEG were presented at the first European AI Assembly in June 2019. Following the Assembly, the European Commission extended the group’s mandate for one more year. This extended mandate allowed the group to increase the granularity of its work and pilot the Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI . The AI HLEG closed its mandate in July 2020 with the presentation of two more deliverables:


Deliverable 3: The final Assessment List for Trustworthy AI (ALTAI

A practical tool that translates the Ethics Guidelines into an accessible and dynamic (self-assessment) checklist. The checklist can be used by developers and deployers of AI who want to implement the key requirements in practice. This new list is available as a prototype web based tool and in PDF format.


Deliverable 4: Sectoral Considerations on the Policy and Investment Recommendations

The document explores the possible implementation of the recommendations, previously published by the group, in three specific areas of application: Public Sector, Healthcare and Manufacturing & the Internet of Things.


AI HLEG and European AI Alliance


The overall work of the AI HLEG has been central to the development of the Commission’s approach to Artificial Intelligence. The concept of Trustworthiness and the seven key requirements, introduced by the Ethics Guidelines are guiding the upcoming legislative steps in AI. The group’s recommendations have served as resources for policymaking initiatives taken by the Commission and its Member States. Among those initiatives, there was the Communication on Building Trust in Human Centric Artificial Intelligence, the White Paper on Artificial Intelligence: a European approach to excellence and trust and the updated Coordinated plan on AI (expected to be presented in the first quarter of 2021).

The AI HLEG has worked closely with the European community of AI stakeholders through the AI Alliance. The European AI Alliance is an online forum with over 4000 members representing academia, business and industry, civil society as well as EU citizens and policymakers. Through a number of ad hoc consultations, the members of the AI Alliance offered detailed feedback for the Ethics Guidelines for Trustworthy AI. Moreover, a set of materials such as policy documents, academic papers and discussions published on the forum, helped document the other deliverables of the AI HLEG.

In the first European AI Alliance Assembly in June 2019, 500 members of the forum met in a live event that engaged the community into a direct feedback provision to the European Commission’s policymaking process on AI. As the AI HLEG closed its mandate in July 2020, the community of the AI Alliance continues its activity and in October 2020 over 1900 participants joined online the second European AI Alliance Assembly, to discuss  the main findings of the Public Consultation on the Commission’s White Paper on Artificial Intelligence and its future perspectives in building a European approach for excellence and trust. 

The Members of the AI High Level Expert Group

  • Pekka Ala-Pietilä

    Chairman of the Board of packaging company Huhtamaki, media company Sanoma and Netcompany as well as a member of the Supervisory Board of SA - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Thomas Metzinger

    Professor of Theoretical Philosophy, representing the European University Association - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Loubna Bouarfa

    Machine learning expert - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Mark Coeckelbergh

    Professor of Philosophy of Media and Technology at the Department of Philosophy of the University of Vienna - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Fanny Hidvegi

    European Policy Manager, Access Now - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Wilhelm Bauer

    Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Engineering - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Joanna Goodey

    Head of the Freedoms and Justice Department at the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Ieva Martinkenaite

    Vice-President, Telenor Group - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Ursula Pachl

    Deputy Director General, BEUC - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Leo Kärkkäinen

    Leader of Deep Learning Research Group, Nokia Bell Labs - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Philipp Slusallek

    Scientific Director, German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Urs Bergmann

    Research lead and machine learning expert, Zalando SE - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Maria Bielikova

    Professor in program and information systems at the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Christoph Peylo

    Global Head of Bosch Center for Artificial Intelligence - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Cecilia Bonefeld-Dahl

    Director General of DIGITALEUROPE - the leading association for the digital technology industry in Europe. - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Karen Yeung

    Interdisciplinary Professorial Fellow in Law, Ethics and Informatics - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Nozha Boujemaa's Portrait

    Nozha Boujemaa

    Senior Research Scientist at Inria - Former AI HLEG Member (June 2018 - January 2019)

  • Yann Bonnet

    Former Secretary General, French Digital Council - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Stéphan Brunessaux

    Senior Expert in Artificial Intelligence and Data Analytics, Airbus Defence and Space - AI HLEG Member since November 2018

  • Raja Chatila

    Professor of Robotics, Artificial Intelligence and Ethics at Sorbonne University - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Virginia Dignum

    Professor of Social and Ethical Artificial Intelligence at University of Umeå - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Luciano Floridi

    Professor of Philosophy and Ethics of Information at the University of Oxford - Former AI HLEG Member (June 2018 to June 2020)

  • Jean-Francois Gagné

    CEO of Element AI - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Chiara Giovannini

    Senior Manager, Policy & Innovation and Deputy Secretary General, ANEC - AI HLEG Member since November 2018

  • Sami Haddadin

    Director of the Munich School of Robotics and Machine Intelligence - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Gry Hasselbalch

    Researcher and independent data ethics advisor - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Fredrik Heintz

    Associate Professor of Computer Science at Linköping University - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Eric Hilgendorf

    Professor of criminal law, criminal procedure and legal philosophy - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Klaus Höckner

    Member of the board of the Austrian Association Supporting the Blind and Visually Impaired - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Mari-Noëlle Jégo-Laveissière

    Deputy CEO Chief Technology and Innovation Officer, Orange - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Sabine Theresia Köszegi

    Professor of Labour Science and Organisation - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Robert Kroplewski

    Solicitor, law of new technologies - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Elisabeth Ling

    Managing Director, Researcher Products and Research Metrics, Elsevier - AI HLEG Member since January 2019

  • professional headshot of Pierre Lucas, member of Artificial Intelligence high level group

    Pierre Lucas

    Manager, Orgalime - the European Technology Industries Association - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • professional headshot of Thiébault Weber, member of Artificial Intelligence high level group

    Thiébaut Weber

    ETUC Confederal Secretary - Former AI HLEG Member (June 2018 - August 2019)

  • Raoul Mallart

    Chief Technology Officer, Sigfox - Former AI HLEG Member (June 2018 - December 2018)

  • Catelijne Muller

    Expert and Consultant on Artificial Intelligence & Society, EESC - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Markus Noga

    Senior Vice President of Machine Learning, SAP - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Cécile Wendling

    Head of Foresight, AXA - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Barry O’Sullivan

    Chair of Constraint Programming, Department of Computer Science, University College Cork - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Lorena Jaume Palasi

    Executive Director, AlgorithmWatch - Former AI HLEG Member (June 2018 - October 2018)

  • Nicolas Petit

    Professor of Law, Liege University - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Iris Plöger

    Member of the Executive Board, Federation of German Industries - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Giuseppe Stefano Quintarelli

    Chairman of the Steering Committee, Agency for Digital Italy - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Andrea Renda

    Senior Research Fellow and Head of Global Governance, Regulation, Innovation and the Digital Economy, Centre for European Policy Studies - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Francesca Rossi

    Research Staff Member, IBM Research AI - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Cristina San José

    Chief Data Strategist, Santander Group - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • George Sharkov

    Cyber Expert, European DIGITAL SME Alliance - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Françoise Soulié Fogelman

    Consultant in Data Mining & Artificial Intelligence - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Saskia Steinacker

    Vice President and Global Lead Digital Transformation, Bayer - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Reinhard Stolle

    Vice President, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning, BMW - Former AI HLEG Member (June 2018 - September 2018)

  • Jaan Tallinn

    Founding engineer of Skype and Kazaa - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Thierry Tingaud

    President of STMicroelectronics France - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Jakob Uszkoreit

    Artificial Intelligence Researcher, Google - AI HLEG Member since June 2018

  • Aimee Van Wynsberghe

    Assistant Professor in Ethics and Technology, TU Delft - AI HLEG Member since June 2018