1. The benefits of eHealth and its impact
- Interoperable eHealth is worth it - Securing benefits from EHRs and ePrescribing (2010) analyses the economic impact of interoperable Electronic Health Records (EHRs) and ePrescription in Europe.
- Best practises in Europe on "ICT enabled independent living for elderly" (2008). This study examines the role of ICT in keeping care-related costs manageable, and its influence on the economy through the creation of new market opportunities.
- eHealth for Safety - Impact of ICT on Patient Safety and Risk Management. How can ICT applications improve patient safety and risk management in healthcare? Based on both a review of tools in use and research on their use, the experts of this study (2007) show that eHealth can help prevent medical errors, initiate rapid responses to any event, and track events, should they occur, as well as provide feedback to learn from them.
- eHealth is worth it - Regional case studies (2006). These 10 case studies demonstrate that improved treatment quality, better access to care, avoidance of unnecessary public expenditure. Information and communication technologies (ICT) can greatly benefit all aspects of delivering healthcare.
2. eHealth and telemedicine services in the EU
- The study European Hospital Survey - Benchmarking Deployment of eHealth services (2012-2013) measures the level of deployment and take-up of ICT and eHealth applications in acute care hospitals in Europe.
- Benchmarking Deployment of eHealth among General Practitioners (2013) measures the level of availability and use of eHealth in primary care in the EU and examines what drives or hampers the overall level of eHealth adoption. Besides basic ICT information and infrastructures, the key pillars of eHealth that are being measured include: Electronic Health Record (EHR), Health Information Exchange (HIE), TeleHealth and Personal Health Record (PHR).
- The study European Countries on their journey towards national eHealth Infrastructures (2011) monitors eHealth strategies in the EU. It assesses the progress made on implementing the national eHealth programmes and plans to review fulfilment of the objectives proposed in the national roadmaps and reinforce commitments towards eHealth development and deployment.
- The study Methodology to assess Telemedicine Applications (2010) provides information on telemedicine applications in use in Europe, with a particular focus on cross-border solutions. The study also identifies enablers and obstacles to the deployment of telemedicine applications and provide an initial overview of national policies in telemedicine.
3. Interoperability and legal frameworks
- The eHealth Interoperability Framework Study (2013) defines a vision of a cross-border EU eHealth Interoperability Framework.
- Legal framework of Interoperable eHealth in Europe and an analysis of each Member State (published 2009) contributes to the creation of a framework for greater legal certainty of eHealth products and services. It also gives an analysis of each member state.
- The Connected Health: Quality and Safety for European Citizens study (2006) sets out the steps required to build interoperable eHealth services across Europe.
4. Business models and financing opportunities
- Business models for eHealth (2010) analyses business modelling approaches aimed at making eHealth applications financially and operationally sustainable in the longer term. Interests and requirements of the stakeholders have been taken into consideration and particular attention has been given to ICT applications for chronic disease management while also considering research activities carried out in this field with the support of the European Commission.
- Assessment of financing opportunities available to Member States to support and boost investment in eHealth (2008) aims to support the specific action outlined in the eHealth action plan of supporting, boosting, and leveraging investment in eHealth. The study sheds light on the options available to Member States, and the solutions that exist to face their common challenges.
5. Promising applications in healthcare
- Policy options for Radio Frequency Identification application in healthcare (2009). Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is thought to have a high potential for increasing efficiency, quality of healthcare, and most importantly: patient safety.
- Roadmap for application of robotics in medicine and healthcare (2008).
6. Sharing good practices
- eHealth in Action, Good Practice in European Countries. The "Good eHealth" study (2009) identifies the benefits deriving from specific good practice examples, to develop stronger approaches to sharing good practices, and to stimulate faster uptake of new eHealth systems and services.
7. Cross-border healthcare
- Can online information influence patients' choice for cross-border healthcare? The study "Impact of information on patients' choice within the context of the Directive 2011/24/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the application of patients' rights in cross-border healthcare" (2014) looks at the impact of online information on patients and their decision to whether or not seek healthcare abroad.
8. Digital health literacy
- European citizens' digital health literacy, Eurobarometer report, 2014. See also the digibyte press release: Europeans becoming enthusiastic users of online health information.