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Summary of broadband development in Romania
The National Strategy for Romanian Digital Agenda 2020 represents Romania’s broadband strategy. Broadband and digital services infrastructure is one of the four action fields defined in the strategy. The Romanian Strategy aims at achieving coverage of 100% of households with fixed broadband by 2020, 80% of households with access to over 30 Mbps broadband and 45% of households with subscriptions over 100 Mbps. The National Plan for Next Generation Network infrastructure development states the same and opts for prioritising the development of fibre networks as close to the end user as possible.
National broadband plan and policy
- Romania’s broadband plan is devised and implemented entirely by the Ministry of Communications and Information Society (Ministerul Comunicaţiilor şi pentru Societatea Informaţională).
- The National Authority for Management and Regulation in Communications(Autoritatea Naţională pentru Administrare şi Reglementare în Comunicaţii, ANCOM) is responsible for regulatory measures.
Main aims for broadband development
Special regard is given to rural and disadvantaged areas, to the stimulation of competition and to the promotion of the development of mobile broadband as the proper solution for Romania, considering the intense progress of mobile telephony market. The broadband plan has a number of specific objectives such as:
- connecting public institutions (public demand aggregation),
- increased use in public,
- supporting SMEs in training, configuring and implementing infrastructure projects and services,
- increasing accessibility of services, content and applications development,
- consumer education, and
- inclusion of disadvantaged groups of users.
The long term NGA aims are 80% coverage with 30 Mbps and 45% households’ penetration with 100 Mbps by 2020.
Main measures for broadband development
- Regulation measures:
A map of electronic communications services provided at fixed locations is maintained by ANCOM.
- In July 2016, Romania notified the European Commission of the measures it had taken to transpose the Cost Reduction Directive into national law, specifically through law No 159/2016 on the regime of physical infrastructure for electronic communications networks and laying down measures to reduce the cost of deploying electronic communications networks.
- State aid measures:
Romania calls on structural funds from the EU (approximately EUR 69 million). Romania has launched the Ro-NET project, which uses structural funds to build up broadband infrastructure in areas still uncovered.
National and regional broadband financial instruments
- Loans: The telecommunications company Cosmote Romania has secured a EUR 225 million loan arranged by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to further develop the growth of its broadband infrastructure. EUR 75 million will come directly from the EBRD, the other EUR 150 million from a syndicate of commercial banks. The loan matures in April 2018.
- State Aid (General Activities): Romania has launched the Ro-NET project which uses structural funds to build up broadband infrastructure in areas still uncovered (middle mile funding). The direct beneficiary and recipient of the all grants of state aid is the Ministry of Communications and Information Society through a project implementation unit, which will remain the owner of the newly created backhaul infrastructure.
Data on broadband development and technologies in Romania
For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).
Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband
National publications and press documents
- National Strategy on the Digital Agenda for Romania 2020
- National Broadband Plan 2009-2015
- Study on National Broadband Plans in the EU-28
- Guide to High-Speed Broadband Investment
- Study on retail broadband access prices (as of February 2015)
- Fixed broadband prices (as of February 2015)
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe (as of 2015)
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe (as of 2016)
- Strategia Națională privind Agenda Digitală pentru România 2020
- Planul Naţional de Dezvoltare a Infrastructurii NGN 2015