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Summary of broadband development in Hungary
The National Infocommunication Strategy is more ambitious than the DAE targets. A full broadband coverage with at least 30 Mbps until 2018 and 50% take-up with at least 100 Mbps until 2020 are set as objectives. NGA last mile and backhaul projects were launched in 2015 to extend backhaul optical networks, provide high-speed network for all governmental institutions and maximize the utilisation of frequencies with new technologies.
National broadband strategy and policy
- Strategies concerning the use of information and communication technology including broadband policies fall under the responsibility of the Minister of State for Infocommunication in the Ministry of National Development (Nemzeti Fejlesztési Minisztérium).
- The Governmental Information Technology Development Agency (KIFÜ) is a publicly financed institution, which operates independently nationwide under the direction of the Ministry of National Development. The agency manages IT projects dealing with central public administration and guided by the Government, e.g. the Superfast Internet Program and acts as national Broadband Competence Office (BCO).
- The National Media Infocommunications Authority (Nemzeti Média- és Hírközlési Hatóság) provides regulation concerning fixed and wireless electronic communications and is also responsible for the wireless broadband strategy.
- The Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Hungary is responsible for eGovernment issues.
- Cabinet Office of the Prime Minister oversees the development of the information and communication technologies in Hungary. The Cabinet Office started the Digital Success Programme as an umbrella for digital transformation of Hungary. The programme intends to be in line with the Gigabit Society objectives.
Main aims for broadband development
The National Infocommunication Strategy 2014-2020 includes major actions for broadband development, supported by state aid as well as by private investments. A development programme is to cover the whole country with NGA, providing state aid for the economically less attractive, primarily rural, areas. The service providers will build about 400.000 connections investing own capital. The Superfast Internet Program includes these two major elements. Another direct involvement of the government is managing the construction and maintenance of a national backbone network in order to offer improved services. The strategy aims at the development of both, an optical cable based backhaul network and national wireless broadband coverage. A high priority is also given to the improvement of fast internet connections for the public institutions in rural areas. The white and grey areas are the most critical ones from a financing and implementation point of view.
Long term NGA aims are 100% coverage with 30 Mbps by 2018 and 50% household penetration with 100 Mbps by 2020. The strategy will be updated to include the Gigabyte Society targets and formulate the 5G strategy.
National and regional broadband financial instruments
- Loans: For the 2014-2020 period, financial resources from the Economic Development and Innovation Operational Programme (EDIOP/GINOP) support the expansion of public broadband networks and the expansion of high speed connections. The government committed circa EUR 22 million in accordance with the EDIOP/GINOP 3.4.1 scheme in the budget for 2017. National funds help expand the broadband networks in non-convergent Middle-Hungarian Region.
- ESIF funds: The 2014-2020 programmes estimate that investments into NGA high-speed broadband networks, with a speed of 30 Mbps or higher, will reach EUR 253 million. Part of the broadband budget will be spent via financial instruments. Hungary is the only EU Member State to use financial instruments for broadband development at the national level.
Data on broadband development and technologies in Hungary
For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs, check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).
Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband
For details on harmonised spectrum assignments consult the study on spectrum assignments in the EU.
National publications and press documents
- National Infocommunication Strategy 2014-2020 (pdf)
- The strategy of National Media Infocommunications Authority for 2018-2020
- Study on National Broadband Plans in the EU-28
- Guide to High-Speed Broadband Investment
- Study on retail broadband access prices (as of February 2015)
- Fixed broadband prices (as of February 2015)
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe (as of 2015)
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe (as of 2016)
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe (as of 2017)
- Hungary - country reports on performances in digitisation: connectivity, digital skills, digital public services and more
- Superfast Internet Program
- Portal szelessav.net gathering and collating service quality data on broadband