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Summary of broadband development in France
France commits to covering its entire territory with high-speed broadband by 2022. The National Broadband Plan, France Très Haut Débit was published by the French Government in 2013 and updated in 2015.
National broadband strategy and policy
- A key actor in the state level broadband development is the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Action and Public Accounts (Ministère de l'Économie et des Finances, de l'Action et des Comptes publics).
- The Digital Agency (L’Agence du numérique) is responsible for implementing France’s broadband strategy. The agency operates a task force in charge of the national broadband plan (France Très Haut Débit).
- The French Regulatory Authority for Electronic Communications and Post (Autorité de régulation des communications électroniques et des postes, arcep) is the main body responsible for regulatory measures concerning the expansion of France’s broadband networks.
- The General Commission for Territorial Equality (Commissariat Général à l’Egalité des Territoires) acts as national Broadband Competence Office.
Main aims for broadband development
The French broadband target is to guarantee broadband (at least 8 Mbps) for all citizens by 2020 and achieve 100% coverage with 30 Mbps by 2022. France’s broadband targets exceed the DAE, albeit with a longer time frame. France predominantly opts for establishing and widening its broadband network infrastructure through FTTH technology.
Main measures for broadband development
Broadband mapping: the French High Speed Broadband Observatory (Observatoire France Très Haut Débit) is a mapping tool, which allows users to view possible downstream speeds (DSL on copper, coaxial cable and fibre-optic) at household or organization levels.
Other measures: The French Government published a convention agreement on the modalities of FTTH deployment, Modèle de Convention de programmation et de suivi des déploiements FttH 2013 as well as specifications for network development project applications in its broadband strategy (France Très Haut Débit).
A project Digital Cohesion of the Territories (Cohésion Numérique des Territoires) is to start in early 2019 with a budget of up to 100 million euros. The subsidies of up to EUR 150 are directed towards the 6% of the households that are unlikely (according to forecast) to have access to 8 Mbps by 2020.
National and regional broadband financial instruments
French officials expect that the national strategy will require mobilisation of private and public investments of up to EUR 20 billion. The Fund for the Digital Society (Fonds pour la société numerique) provides a combination of public loans and funding to support the roll-out of ultrafast broadband by the French government. Infrastructure projects that are eligible include works on backhaul networks (FTTN), passive fibre optic networks (FTTH), customer access (FTTH), access for public institutions (education, health, public administration), support for Wi-Max and/or satellite receivers as well as feasibility studies for planned roll-out projects.
Data on broadband development and technologies in France
For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetration, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs, check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).
Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband
National publications and press documents
- Study on National Broadband Plans in the EU-28
- Guide to High-Speed Broadband Investment
- Study on retail broadband access prices (as of February 2015)
- Fixed broadband prices (as of February 2015)
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe (as of 2014)
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe (as of 2015)
- Study on broadband coverage in Europe (as of 2016)
- National Broadband Plan “France Très Haut Débit” (pdf)
- Modèle de Convention de programmation et de suivi des déploiements FttH (pdf)
- France Très Haut Débit (THD)
BCO France (national Broadband Competence Office): Commissariat Général à l’Egalité des Territoires
Mission Très Haut Débit
Address: 139 rue de Bercy, 75512 Paris Cedex 12, France