Finland has a proactive stance towards broadband development. The Finnish authorities go for a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out assisted by public funds for underserved areas and advice for local municipalities on how to deploy Next Generation Access networks.

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Summary of broadband development in Finland

Finland's national broadband scheme supports the construction of fibre networks to areas that lack business incentives to build high speed networks. The state aid scheme is focused on backbone and access network no further than 100 metres from all permanent residences and offices. The goal is to cover 99% of the Finnish population. An auction of the 800 and 700 MHz bands was held to stimulate mobile broadband offerings with higher speeds to complement broadband fibre and cable networks.

National broadband strategy and policy

The Finnish Government opts for a competition-driven, fibre-based network roll-out, with a special focus on and assistance for underserved areas (via public funds). Especially with regard to the latter, Finnish authorities advise local municipalities on how to set up entities dedicated to deploying NGA, e.g. by joint venture of multiple municipalities or in partnership with private operators. In terms of investments, funding is expected to come from state and municipalities. Towards the Internet of Things Broadband Implementation plan was published in June 2016. A National Broadband Strategy is being prepared, under the leadership of the Ministry of Transport and Communications, setting targets and implementation measures for 2025 and 2030.

Responsible authorities

Main aims and measures for broadband development

In May 2012, the Finnish Government released an updated action plan, albeit without introducing major changes. Target-wise, 99% of all permanent residences and offices should be located within 2km of a fibre optic or cable network that enables connections of 100 Mbps. In areas where such networks will not be built by market players, a range of local projects are implemented to expand coverage with the necessary middle-mile segments.

The universal service broadband speed was doubled to 2 Mbps from the beginning of November 2015. The long-term goal is to increase the speed to 10 Mbps by 2021.

The shared construction and use of communications and electricity networks has been promoted by legislation and by setting up an information centre at Finnish Regulatory Authority (FICORA), with centralised information about existing networks, future network projects and permission procedures for laying cables. The goal is to reduce the construction costs of high-speed broadband networks by increasing the collaboration of various network operators and to promote the development of digital services and functions. The act obliges network operators and officials to provide information on future network projects. FICORA functions also as a mediator for possible disagreements. FICORA is reducing regulations and is imposing price caps on fibre local loops provided by the market leaders to lower fibre prices.

Broadband funding

State aid is available under the Fast Broadband project to finance high-speed broadband networks. State aid covers either 58%, 44% or 33% of eligible costs. Respectively municipality share is 8%, 22% or 33%. In addition, projects may receive other public aid. Maximum public aid is 100% of eligible costs. The Fast Broadband project runs until the end of 2019. By the end of 2017 approximately EUR 49.2 million aid had been granted. The construction of circa 20 000 kilometres of fibre networks was funded and has led to around 83 000 additional households gaining access to high-speed broadband.

In addition, a limited amount of European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and state money (managed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry) can be used for rural access networks (so called Village Network–projects).

Data on broadband development and technologies in Finland

For the latest data on broadband coverage, subscriptions and penetrations, coverage of different broadband technologies and costs check the scoreboard reports and the country reports of the Digital Economy & Society Index (DESI).

Spectrum assignments for wireless broadband

Check the overview for details on harmonised spectrum assignments and consult the study on spectrum assignments in the EU.

National and EU publications and press documents

English

Finnish

Contact information

BCO Finland (national Broadband Competence Office): combining representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Transport and Communications, and the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority

Postal address: PO Box 30, FI-00023 Government, Finland
Contact via email
Phone: +35 82 95 16 22 18
Website

Ministry of Transport and Communications (Liikenne-ja viestintäministeriö)

Address: Eteläesplanadi 16, Helsinki, Finland
Contact via email
Phone: +35 82 95 16 001
Website

Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority (FICORA, Viestintävirasto)

Address: Itämerenkatu 3 A, 00180 Helsinki, Finland
Contact via email
Phone: +35 82 95 39 01 00
Website

Country information - Finland