Cooperative, connected and automated mobility (CCAM) - also known as connected cars or self-driving cars- and digitisation promise to address challenges and expectations of the European citizens on mobility such as :
- growing demand for more safety and sustainability;
- environmental concerns (transport is responsible for a quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions in the EU);
- economic concerns (every day, congested roads are a huge cost to the EU economy).
The European Commission aims to increase sustainability without curbing mobility. This is vital as mobility is the backbone of our economy. The jobs of millions of Europeans depend on the automotive and transport industries.
Support from the European Commission
European Automative - Telecom Alliance
The Commission invited a number of High Level Round Table discussions to strengthen the digital dimension of CCAM. These discussions have brought together the industrial players from the digital and automotive sectors to develop joint road maps and establish cross-border deployment actions. Among the main achievements of the Round Table is the creation of the "European Automotive – Telecom Alliance" (EATA) to promote the wider deployment of connected & automated driving.
The first target of the Alliance is to implement the pre-deployment project for testing CCAM in a real setting.
5G Automotive Alliance
In parallel, the industry joined up to create the 5G Automotive Alliance (5GAA) to specifically promote 5G in the automotive sector. A MoU amongst EATA and 5GAA was signed at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona at the end of February 2017.
Policy - data and 5G
On top of the technical issues of CCAM, there are also several policy issues, including the need to update insurance liability regulations and privacy concerns such as who will control the data generated by this technology. The Communication on Building the EU Data Economy foresees that the Commission will work with a group of interested Member States to create a legal testing framework for conducting CCAM experiments. They will be carried out on the basis of harmonised rules on data access and liability. The Communication also foresees that the trials should be based on 5G, operating in seamless co-existence with technologies already being deployed and under a complementarity principle.
On Digital Day, 23 March 2017 in Rome, the EU and Norway and Switzerland signed the Letter of Intent which sets an ambitious agenda to identify actions to be undertaken on the testing and large scale demonstration of connected and automated driving. Signatory countries agreed to designate intelligent cross-border corridors, where vehicles would physically move across borders and where the cross-border road safety, data access, data quality and liability, connectivity and digital technologies can be tested and demonstrated. These corridors should be the focus of future EU projects in the area of digital policy, such as 5G, Internet of Things and data management. A first wave of testing sections may be linked to specific use cases with a view to gradual deployment of CCAM-enabling infrastructure along the full designated corridors and beyond.
On 15 September, the Commission, European Ministers and industry agreed to work together on digital cross-border corridors and started mapping them.
The Commission launched the GEAR 2030 in January 2016 in an effort to ensure a coherent EU policy on vehicles. The High Level Group gathered relevant Commissioners, Member States and stakeholders representing various industries: automotive, telecoms, IT, insurance. This group will assist the Commission in developing a long-term EU strategy for highly automated and connected vehicles by the end of 2017.
They will build on complementary EU initiatives and will make recommendations to ensure that the relevant policy, legal and public support framework is in place for the roll-out of highly automated and connected vehicles by 2030. The group has delivered its first recommendations for automated and connected vehicles up to 2020 and will deliver recommendations up to 2030, by the end of summer 2017.
In November 2014, the Commission launched the Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) platform which allows road users and traffic managers to share information and use it to coordinate their actions. This cooperative element, enabled by digital connectivity between vehicles and transport infrastructure is expected to:
- significantly improve road safety,
- traffic efficiency and
- the comfort of driving by helping the driver to make the right decisions and adapt to the traffic situation.
The underlying aim of the above efforts is to increase convergence of connectivity, cooperation and automation for digitised mobility. This will serve digital, transport, industrial and research policy objectives, safeguarding the competitiveness of our industry and offering new services and experiences to people on the move.
The objectives can only be realised through close collaboration among all relevant parties including the industry, European and Member State authorities and other relevant public and private stakeholders.