Description / Explanation
Val d'Oise Ultrafast Broadband Project is carried through two Public Initiative Networks : Debitex and Vortex. These aim to provide FTTH and FTTO services in areas of Val d'Oise Department, where operators are not to deploy without public subsidies. These two Public Initiative Networks are both operated under a concessive model. Debitex was awarded in 2009 to SFR, which then created a subsidiary "Debitex Telecom" dedicated to the Project implementation and operation. Vortex has been awarded in 2016 to TDF, which then created the subsidiary "Val d'Oise Fibre" dedicated to the Project. These two Networks will deploy FTTH connection to over 123 000 sites, including 108 000 houses and 15 000 businesses and public sites. They also allow FTTO services, especially in business parks and for business and public sites, which are located close to the networks’ backbone. Through these networks, local authorities have been able to constitute their own dedicated networks, for example for the interconnection of public sites and the development of CCTV. 80% of the deployments are completed, and the remaining 20% are expected to be finalised in 2020.
01/01/2009 to 31/12/2020
Project submitted by
Syndicat Mixte Val d'Oise Numérique
Infrastructure & Service
Infrastructure, technology and architecture
The adopted technology is FTTH PON and GPON, which was chosen in France at the national level. As the networks that are being deployed have over capacities, they are also able to provide FTTO (Point to Point services) to businesses and public sites which require dedicated fibres and high QOS. Through these networks, projects are being carried in Val d'Oise department to foster e-health, e-education and e-administration. For example, all middle schools and high schools in Val d'Oise are being connected through the Project by a dedicated pair of Fibre. The same project is ongoing for hospitals, medical centres, retirement homes, public buildings of communities. The fibre networks (FTTH / FTTO) which are being deployed through the project already allows commercial offers up to 1 Gbps. Fibre appears worldwide to be the most sustainable wired technology to bring the highest bandwidth speeds which would be expected in the future. Upgrades of active equipment will allow in the future to reach even higher bandwidth speeds than 1 Gbps, probably 10 Gbps in 10 years.
Cost structure and financing sources
For the 2 PIN (Public Initiative Network) Vortex and Debitex, the concession model had been chosen. Total investments for Debitex reach about EUR 26.92 million. Public subsidies reach EUR 6,32 M (of which EUR 3,16 M from Region Ile de France, and EUR 3,16 M from Val d'Oise Department). VORTEX PIN is only deployed in Val d'Oise, total investments reach about EUR 91,7 million. Public subsidies reach EUR 13,5 million of which EUR 7,5 milion from French State under Plan France Très Haut Débit, and EUR 6 million from Local authorities (Region Ile De France, Val d'Oise Department, and communities). As a result both PIN Projects totals EUR 118,62 million of investments, which would be subsidised with up to EUR 19,82 million (about 16,7% of total cost). Both concession contracts foresee that in case of profits higher than expected in initial business plans, private partners would have either to reinvest the surplus in the network or to share with the public contractor (Syndicat Mixte Val d'Oise Numérique).
Was the project supported by EU funding?
Actors involved and their roles
The Syndicat Mixte Val d'Oise Numérique is the public entity in charge of the Project's coordination. The Syndicat is a joint association for departmental cooperation. This type of structure allows local authorities to associate one with another to create, organise and manage services that have a common interest. So far, Val d'Oise Department and communities inside Val d'Oise department are members of the Syndicat Mixte. The Syndicat Mixte Val d'Oise Numerique is the public contracting authority of two public initiative networks contracted under a concession model: Debitex awarded to SFR, which created a subsidiary "Debitex Telecom" dedicated to the implementation of the PIN, and Vortex awarded to TDF, which created a subsidiary "Val d'Oise Fibre" dedicated to the implementation of the PIN.
The Project has been defined not only to provide offers to housing and businesses, but also to be able to propose tailored offers, in the sense that the capillarity and the capacity of the networks allow to propose dedicated fibres to groups of public sites with common interests and which requires particular security: e-administration, e-health and e-education. A major datacentre dedicated to local authorities and businesses is also being deployed in the project area due to the project and these characteristics.
123.000 houses, businesses and public sites will have access to bandwidth speeds up to 1 Gbps, while through ADSL and the copper network, they have access to an average of 8 Mbps. The project reinforced Val d'Oise rural and mixed areas attractiveness both for households and businesses. The project has also a strong impact in retail tariffs, especially for businesses and public sites, as the wholesale services offered by the two PIN projects allow operators to provide fibre connections with a high quality of service at a lower price than in areas without public initiative networks (in average -30%).