The availability of different broadband technologies is an important factor for a fast and qualitative expansion of broadband infrastructure, meeting different local needs occurring from topography and population structure.

With DSL, cable access, the optical fibre technology, radio broadcasts and new mobile standards, a variety of broadband technologies are available on the market that ensure reliable broadband services. However, it is important to choose a technology that is suitable for the individual region. Below, the main characteristics of each technology are summarised. An overview table allows for quick comparison at a glance.

Wired Broadband Technologies

 

Wireless Broadband Technologies

Downstream/Upstream rate: 1100/30 (1000/30) Mbps

Efficiency range: 3-6 km

Infrastructure Architecture: mobile devices send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas; sites connected to a cabled communication network and switching system

Suitability: highly suitable for coverage of remote areas (esp. 800 MHz); quickly and easily implementable; shared medium; limited frequencies

Future of the technology: commercial deployment of new standards with additional features (HSPA+,5G) and provision of more frequency spectrum blocks (490 - 700 MHz); meets future needs of mobility and bandwidth accessing NGA-Services

Downstream/Upstream rate: 42,2 / 5,76 Mbps, 337 Mbps / 34 Mbps

Efficiency range: 3 km

Infrastructure Architecture: mobile devices send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas; sites connected to a cabled communication network and switching system

Suitability: highly suitable for coverage of remote areas (esp. 800 MHz); quickly and easily implementable; shared medium; limited frequencies

Future of the technology: commercial deployment of new standards with additional features (HSPA+,5G) and provision of more frequency spectrum blocks (490 - 700 MHz); meets future needs of mobility and bandwidth accessing NGA-Services

Downstream/Upstream rate: 42,2 / 5,76 Mbps, 337 Mbps / 34 Mbps

Efficiency range: 3 km

Infrastructure Architecture: mobile devices send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas; sites connected to a cabled communication network and switching system

Suitability: high achievable data rates; low latency; high reliability; higher frequency bands; advanced multi-antenna transmission; handling of extreme device densities; flexible spectrum usage

Future of the technology: meets future needs of mobility and bandwidth accessing NGA-services; enables connectivity for a wide range of new applications

Downstream/Upstream rate: 30/10 Mbps

Efficiency range: High

Infrastructure Architecture: mobile devices send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas; sites connected to a cabled communication network and switching system

Suitability: highly suitable for coverage of remote areas; quickly and easily implementable; run time latency; asymmetrical

Future of the technology: 30 Mbps by 2020 based on next generation of high-throughput satellites

Downstream/Upstream rate: Signal distribution to user via WiFi/LTE/HSPA

Efficiency range: --

Infrastructure Architecture: mobile devices send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas; sites connected to a cabled communication network and switching system

Suitability: reduced latency; affordable internet access possible; controlling by the necessary ground stations of non-stationary flying satellites is very challenging

Future of the technology: internet service for very rural and remote areas possible

Downstream/Upstream rate: Signal distribution to user via WiFi/LTE/HSPA

Efficiency range: --

Infrastructure Architecture: mobile devices send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas; sites connected to a cabled communication network and switching system

Suitability: currently in a testing phase; challenging controlling; controlling by the necessary ground stations of non-stationary flying balloons is very challenging

Future of the technology: internet service for very rural and remote areas possible

Downstream/Upstream rate: 600/600 Mbps(802.11n); 7 Gbps (IEEE 802.11ad)

Efficiency range: 200 m (802.11n); 10 m (IEEE 802.11ad)

Infrastructure Architecture: mobile devices send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas; sites connected to a cabled communication network and switching system

Suitability: inexpensive and proven; quickly and easily implementable; small efficiency range; shared medium

Future of the technology: increased use of hotspots at central places

Downstream/Upstream rate: 6/4 Mbps; 70 Mbps (IEEE802.16e)

Efficiency range: 60 km

Infrastructure Architecture: mobile devices send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas; sites connected to a cabled communication network and switching system

Suitability: inexpensive and proven; quickly and easily implementable; small efficiency range; shared medium

Future of the technology: gets continually replaced by Wi-Fi and LTE and plays therefore no significant role anymore; further developments are therefore not expected

Downstream/Upstream rate: max. 224 Gbps

Efficiency range: several meters

Infrastructure Architecture: mobile devices send and receive radio signals with any number of cell site base stations fitted with microwave antennas; sites connected to a cabled communication network and switching system

Suitability: only delivers communication over short ranges; low reliability; high installation costs; cheaper than Wi-Fi; only effective and permanent within closed rooms

Future of the technology: useful in electromagnetic sensitive areas such as in aircraft cabins, hospitals and nuclear power plants without causing electromagnetic interference