The European Commission aims to develop a common approach on Blockchain technology for the EU in the international arena.

Visual with a map of europe resembling a blockchain

Blockchain may bring great improvements for the European industry - from start-ups to large corporates, administrations and citizens. It can enable the provision of more efficient services and the emergence of new ones by:

  • improving business processes in governments, companies and organisations;
  • enabling new distributed business and interaction models based on direct peer-to-peer exchanges without the need for centralised platforms or intermediaries.


EU Actions on blockchain


European Blockchain Partnership

Since April 2018, 26 Member States plus Norway and Liechtenstein agreed to sign a Declaration creating the European Blockchain Partnership (EBP) and cooperate in the establishment of a European Blockchain Services Infrastructure (EBSI) that will support the delivery of cross-border digital public services, with the highest standards of security and privacy.

EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum

On 1 February 2018, The European Commission launched the EU Blockchain Observatory and Forum. The EU Observatory has for objectives to map key initiatives, monitor developments and inspire common actions, inter alia. Since then it has released two thematic reports, the first one in July 2018 Blockchain Innovation in Europe, and the second one in October 2018 Blockchain and the GDPR.

International Association for Trusted Blockchain Applications (INATBA)

Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies (DLT) have the potential to enable more decentralised, trusted, traceable, user-centric digital services and stimulate new business models, which benefit society and contribute to sustainable economic growth.  

To support blockchain and DLT in overcoming barriers to scale, the proposal has been made to create a global forum that brings together industry, startups and SMEs, policy makers, regulators, civil society and standard setting bodies.

To unlock the full transformational potential and harness the benefits of blockchain and DLT for businesses, the public sector and society at large, it is necessary to develop a framework that promotes public and private sector collaboration, regulatory convergence, legal predictability and ensures the system’s integrity and transparency. The framework is to be underpinned by shared principles and interoperability standards that will create opportunities to enhance services and processes in both the the public and private sectors.

To this end, interested stakeholders, including developers and users of Blockchain and distributed ledger technology (DLT) are invited to work together on the establishment of the International Association for Trusted Blockchain Applications (INATBA), which aims to achieve the following goals:

  1. Maintain a permanent and constructive dialogue with public authorities and regulators that will contribute to the convergence of regulatory approaches to blockchain and other distributed ledger technology globally.

  2. Promote an open, transparent and inclusive global model of governance for blockchain and other distributed ledger technology infrastructures and applications. A model that reflects the shared interests of stakeholders from industry, start-ups and SMEs, civil society organisations, governments and international organisations.

  3. Support the development and adoption of interoperability guidelines, specifications and global standards, to enhance trusted, traceable, user-centric digital services. Upholding an open, transparent and inclusive method of multi-stakeholder cooperation.

  4. Develop sector-specific guidelines and specifications for the development and acceleration of trusted sectorial blockchain and DLT applications in specific sectors (i.e. financial services, health, supply chain, energy and financial inclusion).

This initiative is supported by multiple stakeholders from industry, start-ups, governments, international organisations, and civil society that are actively engaged in blockchain and DLT programs and share the goal to promote the development of a predictable, transparent and trust-based framework underpinned by a convergence of views for common principles. Preparations to create the association are currently underway. Membership is open to all stakeholders engaged in the development and application of Blockchain and DLT technologies which promote economic growth and contribute to society’s well-being, affirming INATBA’s commitment to being open and inclusive, maximising together the opportunities from blockchain applications. Governmental organisations, standard setting bodies and international organisations are invited to join the Association as observers. INATBA will be set up as an independent association in Brussels, Belgium and will operate on a global scale.

If you are engaged in the development, use or application of blockchain and distributed ledger technology and share the above goals, please contact us to obtain further information. We are also happy to put you in contact with the consortium of INATBA to join as a Member, Associate Member, observer or as advisor in the Governmental Advisory Board.

For further information, contact us at:


Horizon Prize on Blockchains for Social Good

DG Connect is launching the EUR 5 million worth European Innovation Council (EIC), Horizon Prize on "Blockchains for Social Good", open until 2019. This prize provides an excellent incentive to attract developers and interested citizens to this innovative topic.

The challenge is to develop scalable, efficient and high-impact decentralised solutions to social innovation challenges leveraging Distributed Ledger Technology (DLTs), such as the one used in blockchains.

Financing blockchain and distributed ledger technologies projects

So far EUR 83 million have been allocated by the EU to blockchain related projects, and potentially up to EUR 340 million could be committed from 2018 to 2020.

Under the Leadership in Enabling and Industrial Technologies (LEIT) research programme, research on Blockchain technologies has been pioneered by a Collective Awareness Programs for Sustainability and Social Awareness (CAPS) project. In addition, projects like D-Cent, DECODE, or MyHealthMyData succesfully use blockchains to address the concerns on centralisation of data.

On the 19th of December 2017, the European Commission organised an Information Day to present funding opportunities for blockchain applications in different areas.

Blockchain based EU services infrastructure

The European Commission opened a call for tender on a feasibility study to assess the opportunity to pilot a EU Blockchain Infrastructure (EuroChain) for the advent of an open, innovative, trustworthy, transparent, and EU law compliant data and transactional environment. The call closed on 19 January and the study will start in the second quarter of 2018.

Next steps

In 2019 the European Commission in cooperation with the European Blockchain Partnership (EBP) and with other stakeholders will initiate the development of the European Blockchain Services Infrastructure (EBSI) with the deployment of the first set of cross-border digital public services.


EU Governments and the European Commission work on blockchain related actions. In May 2017, in the Digital Single Market mid-term review, the Commission recognised blockchain-inspired technologies as having huge potential for our administrations, businesses and the society in general. Also, the Council conclusions of 19 October 2017 (page 7) highlight blockchain, along with artificial intelligence, as "key emerging trends".

There are regular interactions between the European Commission services and the blockchain constituencies, including organisations that envisage to use such technologies and are running proof of concepts or pilots. In the 1st EU blockchain Conference (11th May 2017), online polls from more than 600 participants asked Europe to take leadership on this topic.

Download the factsheet to learn how can Europe benefit from blockchain technologies

Blockchain technology is the best known distributed ledger technology. It avoids one centralised location and the need for intermediaries to perform transactions. Information stored on a blockchain is

  • shared
  • verifiable
  • public
  • accessible.

These characteristics can bring about high levels of accountability. Blockchain-inspired technologies are being widely discussed around the world and are being tested across multiple industry sectors. Blockchain has the potential to be a break-through technology, capable of disrupting industry and public sector activities. Blockchain can also be instrumental for addressing the increasing concerns about privacy of personal data.

Distributed Ledger Technologies

Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT), in which blockchain is based, is a revolutionary solution first proposed in 2009. It is key for the development of new financial applications like electronic currencies and the implementation of fully distributed databases which can decentralise data storage and management. This could enable the redesign of an Internet which is less conducive to the centralisation of data in a few proprietary platforms.