The Commission recommends the Member States a number of measures in order to improve conditions for the digitisation and online accessibility of in-copyright material.

More details in the specific provision of the Recommendation. 

More information on what the Member States are doing in this aspect of the Recommendation will be available soon.

  • Directive on orphan works
  • "Licences for Europe" - an initiative jointly led by Commissioners Michel Barnier (Internal Market and Services), Neelie Kroes (Digital Agenda) and Androulla Vassiliou (Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth). Its main purpose is to seek to deliver rapid progress in bringing content online through practical industry-led solutions
  • In terms of availability of databases with rights information, connected at the European level, see: ARROW, ARROW Plus, FORWARD. The new project FORWARD aims at a comprehensive, effective approach to the complex issue of AV rights assessment and Orphan Works. The FORWARD system will be designed, implemented and tested as a pilot application involving entities from 10 EU countries to be later expanded to all other potential partners in all other EU countries; it will be fully interoperable with ARROW and accessible to queries from all users across the EU. The project will also foster standardization of AV rights metadata across the EU, and set up a structure ensuring that the system is maintained and expanded beyond the end of the project. The FORWARD and ARROW systems will be fully compatible and interacting realities, opening the possibility of further integration.
  • See also the Memorandum of Understanding for Key Principles on the Digitisation and Making Available of Out-of-Commerce Works
25 March 2013
Last update: 
9 May 2017
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