Copyright ensures that authors, composers, artists, film makers and other creators receive recognition, payment and protection for their works. It rewards creativity and stimulates investment in the creative sector. 33 sectors of the EU economy are considered copyright-intensive, accounting directly for over 7 million jobs, or 3% of employment in the EU.
Delivering on its Digital Single Market Strategy, the Commission is rolling out an ambitious modernisation of the EU copyright framework. The objective is to make EU copyright rules fit for the digital age.
The Communication on a modern and more European copyright framework adopted on 9 December 2015 sets out the main political objectives and areas of action as well as the timeline, based on a step-by-step approach.
A first legislative proposal on cross-border portability of online content services aims at ensuring that consumers who buy or subscribe to films, sport broadcasts, music, e-books and games can access them when they travel in other EU countries.
A second set of legislative proposals aims at modernising the copyright framework, focusing on allowing for wider online availability of content across the EU, adapting exceptions and limitations to the digital world, and achieving a well-functioning copyright market place.
These are rights granted to authors (copyright or authors' rights) and to performers, producers and broadcasters (related rights). They include:
Licensing is the main mechanism for the exercise of copyright and related rights. Depending on the relevant right, the type of use and the sector, licences are most often granted directly by the right holder or collective management organisations. The EU has recently adopted legislation to improve the functioning of collective management organisations including through facilitating the provision of multi-territorial licences.
Copyright systems balance the recognition of exclusive rights in order to facilitate the use of protected content in specific circumstances. The EU copyright rules set out an exhaustive list of exceptions to rights accross various copyright directives. Exceptions allow beneficiaries to use protected material without authorisation from the rightholders. Enforcement of procedures and remedies against infringements of copyright have been partly harmonised at EU level.
EU actions have led to more harmonised protection of rightholders, lower transaction costs and greater choice for users of content, notably through:
Steps have already been taken to facilitate the digitisation and dissemination of cultural heritage (Orphan Works Directive) and the management and licensing of rights (Collective Rights Management Directive and Licenses for Europe stakeholder dialogue). Two international treaties in the area of Copyright, the 2012 Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances and the 2013 Marrakesh Treaty on visually impaired persons have been adopted in the WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organisation).