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Brain Research

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The brain is the most mysterious and advanced machine humans know. The European Commission funds research to better understand and improve our knowledge of the brain; in this page you will find information about these projects.

The brain is much more than an organ. It is a system whose secrets can help us not only cure diseases, but also build better computing systems, able to do things that today we may not even imagine.

The Human Brain Project, a very ambitious 1 Billion EUR project launched by the European Commission in 2013, aims to reconstruct the human brain through supercomputer-based models.

The projects grouped under Future & Emerging Technologies aim to better understand the working process of our brain: for example, HIVE focused on non-invasive brain stimulation technologies and led to the creation of innovative medical tools.

In the field of Robotics, artificial cognitive systems inspired by brain research will enable robots and autonomous systems to perform new types of tasks in the real world.

The projects that deal with Brain-Neural Computer Interaction (BNCI) records brain activity and works to understand the connections between the brain and neural connections. The aim is to develop interactions between the brain and electronic devices to overcome neural damage. The TOBI project is at the forefront in the study of brain-computer interactions that will have a real impact in improving the quality of life of disabled people.

Brain research is key in our ageing society, to better manage senile brain degeneration illnesses. BrainAble aims at improving people's quality of life by providing inner functional independence for daily life activities and autonomy at home with accessible and interoperable smarthome services; and enabling their participation in social activities with adapted social networks services.

EU funded projects

A closed-loop neural prosthesis for dizziness suppression

CLONS
The main goal of the CLONS project is to develop suitable technological solutions to increase the quality of life of people affected by vestibular disorders. Toward this aim, an innovative closed-loop sensory neural prosthesis will be developed and tested in animal models and in selected humans...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

A quantum leap: from a spike-centered brain universe to its underlying synaptic landscape

BRAINLEAP
The richness of high-level cognitive and adaptive properties of the brain is reflected in the complexity of its anatomy and (electro)physiology. At the cellular level, evolution privileged for the central nervous system an analog distributed information storage and encoding, by plastic (graded) synapses and by their continuous temporal and spatial integration into firing rates...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

An individually adaptable, BNCI-based, remote controlled Cognitive Enhancement Training for successful rehabilitation after stroke including home support and monitoring

CONTRAST
Millions of people live with the consequences of stroke, which often include cognitive impairments. A wide gap exists between clinical rehabilitation and care, monitoring and support of patients at home to maximize independent, socially integrated living. CONTRAST will bridge this gap by developing easy-to-use auto-adaptive human-machine interfaces (HCI) which can be used in the sub-acute rehabilitation phase and further at the patients' home...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Assistive Technology Rapid Integration & Construction Set

AsTeRICS
More than 2,6 million people in Europe have problems with their upper limbs and therefore many of them depend on Assistive Technologies (AT). As the potential of the individual user is very specific, adaptive, ICT-based solutions are needed to let this population group participate in modern society...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Augmented BNCI Communication

ABC
ABC aims at increasing human capabilities by means of Brain/Neural Computer Interfaces (BNCI). The project will develop applications addressed primarily to persons with Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy (DCP). Due to DCP particular conditions, BNCI-based systems present a huge potential for improving the quality life and promotiing independent living of this target group...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Autonomy and social inclusion through mixed reality Brain-Computer Interfaces: Connecting the disabled to their physical and social world

BrainAble
BrainAble will conceive, research, design, implement and validate an ICT-based human computer interface (HCI) composed of BNCI sensors combined with affective computing and virtual environments...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Brain-inspired multiscale computation in neuromorphic hybrid systems

BrainScaleS
The BrainScaleS project aims at understanding function and interaction of multiple spatial and temporal scales in brain information processing. The fundamentally new approach of BrainScaelS lies in the in-vivo biological experimentation and computational analysis. Spatial scales range from individual neurons over larger neuron populations to entire functional brain areas...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Brain-neural computer interfaces on track to home – Development of a practical generation of BNCI for independent home use

BackHome
Research efforts have improved Brain-Neural Computer Interface (BNCI) technology in many ways and numerous applications have been prototyped. Until recently, these BNCI systems have been researched almost exclusively in laboratories. Home usage has been demonstrated, though only with on-going expert supervision...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Choreographing neural networks: coupling attractor dynamics and state-dependent computations across biomimetic brain interfaces with neuromorphic VLSI

CORONET
This project lays theoretical and technological foundations for future biohybrid and brain-machine-interface devices, taking advantage of recent progress in our theoretical understanding of brain, in-vivo and in-vitro electrophysiology, and biomimetic hardware components (neuromorphic VLSI)...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Consortium Of Neuroimagers for the Noninvasive Exploration of Brain Connectivity and Tractography

CONNECT
"Nothing defines the function of a neuron better than it's connections" (Mesulam)In the last two decades impressive advances in understanding brain function with new neuroimaging methods have been made, however to understand brain function, it is also very important to characterise its structure and connections. The recent development of diffusion MR methods that map white matter tissue structure have lead to a renaissance in assessing brain connectivity...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Convergence Science Network of Biomimetics and NeuroTechnology

CSNII
Despite tremendous progress in neuroscience, ICT and related fields we are still unable to build perceptive, emotive and cognitive systems that are comparable with even simple insect brains with respect to function, energy sufficiency or computational power. One promising approach to answer this challenge is to translate principles underlying the abilities of natural systems into new technologies...
FP7
Funding scheme: CSA - Coordination and support action

Deployment of Brain-Computer Interfaces for the Detection of Consciousness in Non-Responsive Patients

DECODER
The deployment of Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) for non-responsive patients will provide access to modern information and communication technology such as internet, personal computer or home appliances when only a single response of a person is available. In this extreme case, no current assistive technology can help the patient interact with the environment...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Diagnostic Enhancement of Confidence by an International Distributed Environment

DECIDE
DECIDE (Diagnostic Enhancement of Confidence by an International Distributed Environment), aims at creating a e-Infrastructure to enhance the diagnostic confidence in chronic brain diseases such as Alzheimer and dementia. Proper management of these neurodegenerative diseases are thought to be very important in terms of health-economical point of view...
FP7

Electromagnetic detection of neural activity at cellular resolution

MAGNETRODES
The main goal of the project is to develop a new generation of neuroscience tools for electromagnetic measurement and spectroscopy at the neuron level.\nSpin electronics offers nowadays the possibility to create very sensitive, micrometer-scale magnetic field detectors. Here, we propose to exploit this technological advance to create novel tools for probing neuronal magnetic fields at the cellular level...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Emulating the C. elegans nervous system: A blueprint for brain-inspired computational architectures

Si elegans
Biological neural systems are powerful, robust and highly adaptive computational entities that outperform conventional computers in almost all aspects of sensory-motor integration. Despite dramatic progress in information technology, there is a big performance discrepancy between artificial systems and brains in seemingly simple orientation and navigation tasks...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Evidence based Diagnostic and Treatment Planning Solution for Traumatic Brain Injuries

TBIcare
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain – it is a major health problem and the most common cause of permanent disability in people under the age of 40 years. Yearly cost from TBI in Europe exceeds 100 billion euros. Recent statistics show a steep increase in the incidence of TBIs, with an increase of 21 % over the last five years – threefold greater than the rate of increase in population...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Evolving Platform for Improving Living Expectation of Patients Suffering from IctAl Events

EPILEPSIAE
Epilepsy is the commonest serious brain disorder in every country, and probably the most universal of all medical disorders. In Europe six million people currently have epilepsy and fifteen million will have epilepsy at some time of their lives...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Exploring the neural coding in behaving animals by novel optogenetic, high-density microrecordings and computational approaches: Towards cognitive Brain-Computer Interfaces

ENLIGHTENMENT
In this project we aim to investigate the mechanisms involved in memory storage in the brain by a combination of advanced multisite, single unit neural activity monitoring, closed-loop patterned and cell specific activations, and computational techniques, that would allow developing ways to stimulate brain networks in an activity-driven fashion...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

FROM PATIENT DATA TO PERSONALISED HEALTHCARE IN ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

PredictAD
Dementia causes long and oppressive suffering to patients and their relatives and imposes enormous costs on society. About 25 million people suffered from dementia in 2000. As a 4-fold increase of this number is expected by 2050, dementia is one main health issue of the next decades. Alzheimer's disease (AD) covers 60-70% of all dementia cases. No cure for AD exists, and effective and reliable early diagnostic techniques are lacking...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

Grid cells: From brains to technical implementation

GRIDMAP
Since the invention of the first computers, their speed and computing power have grown exponentially but their fundamental operating principles remain essentially unchanged. Computers are still operating on one or a few central processing units, each with limited interconnectivity...
FP7
Funding scheme: CP - Collaborative project (generic)

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