Digital Agenda for Europe
A Europe 2020 Initiative

Ireland

Article
Find here the most recent analysis and data by country. A selection of key documents and graphs are shown about topics such as broadband, internet activity and skills, egovernment, ICT in schools, research and innovation, as well as other main indicators.
Share this

Charts and indicators

Clicking the links below you can visualize various indicators for this country

performance charts | table of indicators  | indicators' evolution over time

Download

 Download the country profile as a pdf (EN)

Download country information as a power point presentation (EN)

 

/digital-agenda/en/file/desi-2015-radial-iepng-2desi-2015-radial-ie.png

 

Ireland has an overall score[1] of 0.53 and ranks 8th out of the 28 EU Member States. During the past year, take-up of fast broadband has increased considerably (subscriptions in the last year increased from 35% to 45%), while use of internet services has also generally increased (68% use video on demand, 63% use social networking, 62% used online shopping and 60% use online banking, while 56% of internet users use eGovernment actively). More progress is needed on increasing digital skills (only 53% of the population have sufficient digital skills to operate effectively online, down from 56% in 2012) and the number of skilled ICT professionals in the economy (around half of enterprises trying to employ ICT specialists report difficulties doing so), as well as in the integration of digital technologies by enterprises (for example, 23% of businesses use electronic information sharing technologies and 4% use RFID).

Ireland falls into the cluster of medium‑performance[2] countries, where it performs slightly above average.

DESIIrelandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201580.530.520.48
DESI 2014110.490.460.45

1. Connectivity

1 ConnectivityIrelandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015160.570.630.56
DESI 2014150.490.540.51

 

With an overall score of 0.57, Ireland ranks 16th among EU countries in the Connectivity dimension of the DESI 2015, slightly above the average for the EU, but below the average for its cluster.

 

 IrelandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
1a1 Fixed BB Coverage
% households
96%
(2014)
 1996%
(2013)
2097%
(2014)
1a2 Fixed BB Take-up
% households
62%
(2014)
 2060%
(2013)
2070%
(2014)
1b1 Mobile BB Take-up
Subscribers per 100 people
82
(2014)
 767
(2013)
972
(2014)
1b2 Spectrum
% of the target for spectrum to be harmonised at EU level
77%
(2014)
 1077%
(2013)
1070%
(2014)
1c1 NGA Coverage
% households, out of all households
71%
(2014)
 1954%
(2013)
2268%
(2014)
1c2 Subscriptions to Fast BB
% of subscriptions >= 30Mbps, out of fixed BB subscriptions
45%
(2014)
 935%
(2013)
926%
(2014)
1d1 Fixed BB Price
% individual gross income spent for the cheapest standalone Fixed Broadband subscription (lower values are better)
2.2%
(2014)
 232%
(2013)
191.4%
(2014)

 

While 96% of the Irish households are covered by fixed broadband this is somewhat below the EU average. Furthermore, take-up is only at 62% of households; as such, Ireland ranks 19th and 20th, respectively in the EU on these indicators.

Take–up of mobile broadband at 82 out every 100 people is above the EU average. Spectrum harmonisation is also above average for the EU.

NGA coverage in Ireland, at 71% of households, is above the average for the EU (62%) and has increased substantially from 54% in 2013. Subscriptions to fast broadband (at least 30 Mbps) have also seen a significant increase over the last year to 45% of total fixed broadband subscriptions, from 35% in 2014. Prices for fixed broadband in Ireland are almost double the EU average, when measured as a proportion of income, and have become relatively more expensive over the last year.

 

 Download the Report on the Implementation of the Telecommunications Regulatory Package (EN)

2. Human Capital

2 Human CapitalIrelandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201570.620.570.54
DESI 201470.620.530.52

 

With a Human Capital score of 0.62, Ireland ranks 7th among EU countries for his domain of the DESI, performing slightly better than the average for the EU (0.54), as well as for its cluster (0.57).

 

 IrelandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
2a1 Internet Users
% individuals (aged 16-74)
76%
(2014)
 1375%
(2013)
1275%
(2014)
2a2 Basic Digital Skills
% individuals (aged 16-74)
53%
(2014)
 2056%
(2012)
1359%
(2014)
2b1 ICT Specialists
% employed individuals
3.8%
(2012)
 73.8%
(2012)
72.8%
(2012)
2b2 STEM Graduates
Graduates in STEM per 1000 individuals (aged 20 to 29)
22
(2012)
 222
(2012)
217
(2012)

 

At 76%, Ireland exhibits a rate of internet use amongst its population similar to that of the EU average. The digital skills of the population exhibit significant gaps, with only 53% of the population having sufficient digital skills to operate effectively online.

While the proportion of ICT specialist in total employment, at 3.8%, is relatively high and the proportion of STEM (Science, Technology and Mathematics) graduates is also above the average for the EU, Ireland is lacking skilled ICT professionals. Demand for skilled ICT professionals within the economy has been rising, while the supply is not keeping pace. Around half of enterprises trying to employ ICT specialist report difficulties doing so. More young people need to be attracted to ICT jobs, which provide good career opportunities, are well paid and which are key skills for deriving the benefits of ICT for the economy and society.

3. Use of Internet

3 Use of InternetIrelandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015160.440.470.43
DESI 2014200.380.430.41

 

In terms of the propensity of individuals to use Internet services, Ireland scores 0.44 (up from 0.38 last year) and ranks 16th among EU countries. An increase in use of internet services can be observed.

 

 IrelandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
3a1 News
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
46%
(2014)
 2842%
(2013)
2867%
(2014)
3a2 Music, Videos and Games
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
43%
(2014)
 2323%
(2012)
2849%
(2014)
3a3 Video on Demand
% households that have a TV
68%
(2014)
 570%
(2013)
341%
(2014)
3b1 Video Calls
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
36%
(2014)
 2234%
(2013)
2037%
(2014)
3b2 Social Networks
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
63%
(2014)
 1561%
(2013)
1458%
(2014)
3c1 Banking
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
60%
(2014)
 1358%
(2013)
1457%
(2014)
3c2 Shopping
% individuals who used Internet in the last year (aged 16-74)
62%
(2014)
 1257%
(2013)
1263%
(2014)

 

The most popular online activities amongst Irish internet users are VoD (Video on Demand, 68%), Social Networking (63%), online shopping (62%) and online Banking (60%). However, the use of other online services is also on the rise. In particular, the biggest increase in users has taken place for Music, Videos and Games (+ 20 pp.).

4. Integration of Digital Technology

4 Integration of Digital TechnologyIrelandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201530.470.370.33
DESI 201440.440.330.3

 

In Integration of Digital Technology by businesses, Ireland scores 0.47, above the EU average and the average score for its cluster. Nevertheless, businesses in Ireland could better exploit the possibilities offered by electronic information sharing and RFID.

 

 IrelandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
4a1 Electronic Information Sharing
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
23%
(2014)
 2122%
(2013)
2131%
(2014)
4a2 RFID
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
4%
(2014)
 134%
(2011)
33.8%
(2014)
4a3 Social Media
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
31%
(2014)
 224%
(2013)
414%
(2014)
4a4 eInvoices
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
14%
(2014)
 514%
(2013)
811%
(2014)
4a5 Cloud
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
16%
(2014)
 7n.a.-11%
(2014)
4b1 SMEs Selling Online
% SMEs (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
24%
(2014)
 522%
(2013)
515%
(2014)
4b2 eCommerce Turnover
% turnover of SMEs (no financial sector, 10-249 employees)
37%
(2014)
 237%
(2013)
28.8%
(2014)
4b3 Selling Online Cross-border
% SMEs (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
11%
(2013)
 511%
(2013)
56.5%
(2013)

 

A true digital economy is one where businesses take full advantage of the possibilities and benefits offered by digital technologies; both to improve their efficiency and productivity, as well as to reach customers and realise sales. Businesses in Ireland are not fully taking advantage of these possibilities.

The adoption of digital technologies is an important driver of labour productivity growth and needs to be strengthened. The percentage of businesses using technologies such as electronic information sharing (ERP – 23%) and RFID (4%), are relatively low and Ireland ranks 21st and 13th, respectively, in the EU for these two indicators. In terms of eInvoices and Cloud take up Irish businesses perform slightly better than the EU average. Take-up of Social Media, at 31% of enterprises, is advanced; and Ireland ranks 2nd in the EU with respect to this indicator. Irish SMEs have taken to eCommerce relatively more readily than those in most other EU countries. 24% of Irish SMEs sell online, significantly above the average for the EU of 15%. 37% of their turnover comes from this source. On average in the EU it is 8.8%. 11% of Irish SMEs sell cross-border.

5. Digital Public Services

5 Digital Public ServicesIrelandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201590.510.510.47
DESI 2014100.470.440.45

 

With a score of 0.51, Ireland ranks 9th among EU countries in the Digital Public Services domain of the DESI 2015.

 

 IrelandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
5a1 eGovernment Users
% individuals returning filled forms, out of Internet users in the last year (aged 16-74)
56%
(2014)
 445%
(2013)
533%
(2014)
5a2 Pre-filled Forms
Score (0 to 100)
32
(2014)
 1836
(2013)
2145
(2014)
5a3 Online Service Completion
Score (0 to 100)
90
(2014)
 587
(2013)
475
(2014)
5a4 Open Data
Score (0 to 700)
485
(2014)
 8n.a.-378
(2014)
5b1 Medical Data Exchange
% General Practitioners
37%
(2013)
 1137%
(2013)
1136%
(2013)
5b2 ePrescription
% General Practitioners
5%
(2013)
 195%
(2013)
1927%
(2013)

 

Modern public services offered online in an efficient manner are a vehicle for reduction of public administration expenditure as well as for efficiency gains for both enterprises and citizens. While active eGovernment use at 56% is above the EU average (33%), provision of pre-filled forms[3] in online services is relatively low (32 out of 100), and where Ireland ranks 18th out of 28 countries. Conversely Ireland performs relatively well in the EU with respect to online service completion[4] (ranked 5th) and Open Data (ranked 8th).

In the domain of eHealth, 37% of General Practitioners in Ireland use Medical Data Exchange. At 5% of General Practitioners, ePrescriptions are significantly less widely used than is average in the EU (27%).

 

 Download the eGovernment benchmark factsheet (EN)

6. R&D

 Download information on R&D in the ICT sector and participation in Horizon 2020 (EN)


[1] DESI scores range from 0 to 1, the higher the score the better the country performance.

[2] In the DESI 2015, the medium-performance cluster of countries comprises Austria, Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Spain, France, Ireland, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, Portugal and the United Kingdom.

[3] The Pre-filled Forms indicator measures the extent to which data that is already known to the public administration is pre-filled in the forms that are presented to the user.

[4] The Online Service Completion indicator measures the extent to which the various steps in an interaction with the public administration – life event – can be performed completely online.

 

Country:

Last updated on 18/06/2015