Digital Agenda for Europe
A Europe 2020 Initiative

Finland

Article
Find here the most recent analysis and data by country. A selection of key documents and graphs are shown about topics such as broadband, internet activity and skills, egovernment, ICT in schools, research and innovation, as well as other main indicators.
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 Download the country profile as a pdf (EN)

Download country information as a power point presentation (EN)

 

/digital-agenda/en/file/desi-2015-radial-fipng-2desi-2015-radial-fi.png

 

In DESI 2015, Finland has an overall score[1] of 0.64 and ranks 3rd out of the 28 EU Member States. Finland is among the EU leaders in digital "human capital". 90% of the population are regular internet users and the Finish workforce has one of the highest proportions of ICT specialists[2] in the EU (4.7%). Relative to last year, more and more businesses are integrating digital technologies in their processes. However, only 14% of SMEs in Finland sell online, in line with the EU average, despite their citizens' propensity for eCommerce.

 

Finland belongs to the cluster of high‑performance[3] countries, where it performs slightly below the cluster score.

DESIFinlandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201530.640.660.48
DESI 201440.60.630.45

1. Connectivity

1 ConnectivityFinlandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015100.640.70.56
DESI 201490.570.650.51

 

With an overall Connectivity score of 0.64 (up from 0.57), the country ranks 10th among EU countries. Finland leads the ranks in mobile broadband take-up (several people have more than one subscription).

 

 FinlandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
1a1 Fixed BB Coverage
% households
97%
(2014)
 1797%
(2013)
1897%
(2014)
1a2 Fixed BB Take-up
% households
61%
(2014)
 2159%
(2013)
2170%
(2014)
1b1 Mobile BB Take-up
Subscribers per 100 people
138
(2014)
 1123
(2013)
172
(2014)
1b2 Spectrum
% of the target for spectrum to be harmonised at EU level
78%
(2014)
 878%
(2013)
870%
(2014)
1c1 NGA Coverage
% households, out of all households
75%
(2014)
 1772%
(2013)
1568%
(2014)
1c2 Subscriptions to Fast BB
% of subscriptions >= 30Mbps, out of fixed BB subscriptions
27%
(2014)
 1721%
(2013)
1626%
(2014)
1d1 Fixed BB Price
% individual gross income spent for the cheapest standalone Fixed Broadband subscription (lower values are better)
0.84%
(2014)
 21.3%
(2013)
111.4%
(2014)

 

Fixed broadband is available to 97% of homes, which is remarkable given the geographical characteristics of the country. Broadband users tend to prefer mobile solutions and take-up of fixed broadband has increased but is still below the EU average.

A quarter of these subscriptions are fast broadband connections (at least 30Mbps). Networks capable of providing at least 30 Mbps (NGA) are available to almost three quarters of Finnish households (against 68% in the EU).

 

 Download the Report on the Implementation of the Telecommunications Regulatory Package (EN)

2. Human Capital

2 Human CapitalFinlandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201510.780.730.54
DESI 201410.760.730.52

 

With a Human Capital score of 0.78, Finland ranks first among EU countries, and continues to improve compared to the previous year (0.76). From this point of view, one can say that Finland has a fully developed digital society.

 

 FinlandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
2a1 Internet Users
% individuals (aged 16-74)
90%
(2014)
 589%
(2013)
575%
(2014)
2a2 Basic Digital Skills
% individuals (aged 16-74)
79%
(2014)
 274%
(2012)
559%
(2014)
2b1 ICT Specialists
% employed individuals
4.7%
(2012)
 24.7%
(2012)
22.8%
(2012)
2b2 STEM Graduates
Graduates in STEM per 1000 individuals (aged 20 to 29)
22
(2012)
 422
(2012)
417
(2012)

 

The share of regular Internet users reaches 90% of population; the 5th place in the EU. Finland also has the second highest percentage of citizens with basic digital skills (79%).

Finland features one of the highest shares of ICT specialists[4] in the workforce of all EU countries (4.7%). Finnish students are among the most attracted by an ICT career compared to their European peers, with 2.2% of Finns aged 20-29 years old holding a STEM (science, technology and mathematics) degree.

3. Use of Internet

3 Use of InternetFinlandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201580.530.590.43
DESI 201470.490.540.41

 

In DESI 2015, Finland scores 0.53 (up from 0.49 last year) and ranks 8th among EU countries in the "Use of Internet" dimension. Finns are intensive users of on-line music, video and games, and on-line banking. Finns appear to use less the Internet to make video calls and engage in Social Networks.

 

 FinlandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
3a1 News
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
85%
(2014)
 986%
(2013)
367%
(2014)
3a2 Music, Videos and Games
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
70%
(2014)
 164%
(2012)
149%
(2014)
3a3 Video on Demand
% households that have a TV
12%
(2014)
 2211%
(2013)
2141%
(2014)
3b1 Video Calls
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
30%
(2014)
 2624%
(2013)
2737%
(2014)
3b2 Social Networks
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
60%
(2014)
 1956%
(2013)
2258%
(2014)
3c1 Banking
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
93%
(2014)
 192%
(2013)
157%
(2014)
3c2 Shopping
% individuals who used Internet in the last year (aged 16-74)
73%
(2014)
 771%
(2013)
763%
(2014)

 

Finnish Internet users engage in a broad range of online activities. They read news on-line (85%), listen to music, watch films and play games online (70%). They also make on-line transactions. The share of Internet users that use online banking (93%) is the highest in the EU. 73% of users make their shopping on the Internet, and more than half of them purchase from other countries. Finns are engaging less to make on-line video calls and participate in Social Networks.

4. Integration of Digital Technology

4 Integration of Digital TechnologyFinlandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201540.450.470.33
DESI 201470.390.410.3

 

In Integration of Digital Technology by businesses, Finland scores 0.45 and is 4th in the rank of EU countries. Finnish businesses take advantage of the possibilities offered by digital technologies to improve their efficiency and productivity. However, there is still room for Finnish SMEs to improve their on-line sales.

 

 FinlandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
4a1 Electronic Information Sharing
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
39%
(2014)
 837%
(2013)
431%
(2014)
4a2 RFID
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
5.8%
(2014)
 63.1%
(2011)
53.8%
(2014)
4a3 Social Media
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
21%
(2014)
 616%
(2013)
1414%
(2014)
4a4 eInvoices
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
n.a. -60%
(2013)
211%
(2014)
4a5 Cloud
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
33%
(2014)
 1n.a.-11%
(2014)
4b1 SMEs Selling Online
% SMEs (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
14%
(2014)
 1215%
(2013)
1215%
(2014)
4b2 eCommerce Turnover
% turnover of SMEs (no financial sector, 10-249 employees)
n.a. -n.a.-8.8%
(2014)
4b3 Selling Online Cross-border
% SMEs (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
4.8%
(2013)
 204.8%
(2013)
206.5%
(2013)

 

The adoption of digital technologies is an important driver of labour productivity growth. The percentage of businesses using technologies such as electronic information sharing (ERP – 39%), RFID (5.8%), social media (21%) and Cloud services (33%) in Finland are among the highest in the EU.

Finnish businesses could take better advantage of the possibilities offered by on-line commerce. Few SMEs in Finland sell online (14%) despite their citizens' propensity to purchase online, and even less sell online to other EU Member States (4.8%, below the EU average).

5. Digital Public Services

5 Digital Public ServicesFinlandClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201540.760.770.47
DESI 201440.760.790.45

 

Digital Public Services is the dimension where Finland performs the second best of all dimensions. With a score of 0.76, Finland continues to rank 4th among EU countries. Finland has one of the highest shares of eGovernment users and use of eHealth services.

 

 FinlandEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
5a1 eGovernment Users
% individuals returning filled forms, out of Internet users in the last year (aged 16-74)
60%
(2014)
 349%
(2013)
333%
(2014)
5a2 Pre-filled Forms
Score (0 to 100)
81
(2014)
 384
(2013)
345
(2014)
5a3 Online Service Completion
Score (0 to 100)
90
(2014)
 786
(2013)
775
(2014)
5a4 Open Data
Score (0 to 700)
395
(2014)
 13n.a.-378
(2014)
5b1 Medical Data Exchange
% General Practitioners
67%
(2013)
 467%
(2013)
436%
(2013)
5b2 ePrescription
% General Practitioners
82%
(2013)
 682%
(2013)
627%
(2013)

 

Modern public services offered online in an efficient manner are a vehicle towards reducing public spending as well as driving efficiency gains for enterprises, citizens, and the public administration itself.

Finland's indicator scores[5] place it among the best in the EU and show that the level of sophistication of its services is high. Finland has the third highest percentage of eGovernment users (60% of Internet users return filled-in forms) in the EU. There is little doubt that underpinning this performance is also Finland's past and current investment in connectivity and human capital.

Finland’s performance in eHealth is also among the best in the EU. 67% of general practitioners exchange medical data electronically (6th) and use of ePrescription is wide spread with 82% of its general practitioners transferring prescriptions to pharmacists electronically.

 

 Download the eGovernment benchmark factsheet (EN)

6. R&D

 Download information on R&D in the ICT sector and participation in Horizon 2020 (EN)


[1] DESI scores range from 0 to 1, the higher the score the better the country performance.

[2] Broad definition taken from JRC (IPTS) "The evolution of EU ICT employment 2000-2012" Technical report (forthcoming): ISCO codes 25 and 35, plus ICT graduates in certain adjacent ISCO codes.

[3] In the DESI 2015, the high-performance cluster of countries comprises Denmark, Finland, Netherlands and Sweden.

[4] Broad definition taken from JRC (IPTS) "The evolution of EU ICT employment 2000-2012" Technical report (forthcoming): ISCO codes 25 and 35, plus ICT graduates in certain adjacent ISCO codes.

[5] 81/100 in the Pre-filled Forms indicator (measuring the extent to which data that is already known to the public administration is pre-filled in the forms that are presented to the user), and of 90/100 in the Online Service Completion indicator (measuring the extent to which the various steps in an interaction with the public administration – life event – can be performed completely online).

 

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Last updated on 18/06/2015