Digital Agenda for Europe
A Europe 2020 Initiative

Czech Republic

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Find here the most recent analysis and data by country. A selection of key documents and graphs are shown about topics such as broadband, internet activity and skills, egovernment, ICT in schools, research and innovation, as well as other main indicators.
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In DESI 2015, the Czech Republic has an overall score[1] of 0.46 and ranks 17th out of the 28 EU Member States. Czech citizens have a good level of digital skills (76% go online regularly, 57% have at least basic digital skills). As a result, they engage in a wide variety of online activities. Czech internet users are quite keen on online banking (58%) and on online shopping (52%). Czech SMEs are EU leaders in selling on-line; they also lead the ranks in turnover from online sales. However, the Czech Republic is below average in the provision of sophisticated digital public services, which is its main challenge to progress further in the digital economy, as illustrated by the fact that only 14% of internet users exchanged filled-in forms with the public administration online (26th position).

The Czech Republic falls into the cluster of medium‑performance[2] countries, where it performs below average.

DESICzech RepublicClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015170.460.510.47
DESI 2014170.420.470.44

1. Connectivity

1 ConnectivityCzech RepublicClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015140.550.60.55
DESI 2014150.480.540.51

 

In the Connectivity dimension the Czech Republic performs at European average. The country ranks 14th among EU countries with an overall Connectivity score of 0.55, up from 0.48 a year ago, thanks to progress in the take up of broadband, fixed and mobile. 

 

 Czech RepublicEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
1a1 Fixed BB Coverage
% households
98%
(2013)
 1498%
(2013)
1497%
(2013)
1a2 Fixed BB Take-up
% households
76%
(2014)
 866%
(2013)
1270%
(2014)
1b1 Mobile BB Take-up
Subscribers per 100 people
62
(2014)
 1550
(2013)
1567
(2014)
1b2 Spectrum
% of the target for spectrum to be harmonised at EU level
58%
(2014)
 2358%
(2013)
2070%
(2014)
1c1 NGA Coverage
% households, out of all households
64%
(2013)
 2164%
(2013)
2162%
(2013)
1c2 Subscriptions to Fast BB
% of subscriptions >= 30Mbps, out of fixed BB subscriptions
24%
(2014)
 1722%
(2013)
1122%
(2014)
1d1 Fixed BB Price
% individual gross income spent for the cheapest standalone Fixed Broadband subscription (lower values are better)
1.7%
(2014)
 161.9%
(2013)
191.3%
(2014)

 

At the end of 2013, coverage of fixed broadband in the Czech Republic was almost complete, as broadband networks were available to 99% of homes (97% in the EU). In rural areas, fixed broadband covered 91% of homes. At the same time, Next Generation Access capable of providing at least 30 Mbps download was available to 64% of homes (62% in the EU).

In 2014 the Czech Republic featured significant progress in the take up of fixe broadband (from 66% to 76% of households, above the European average). About a quarter of these subscriptions are high speed (providing at least 30 Mbps).

On the mobile side, 4th generation (LTE) was available to 12% of population. The take-up rate (subscription per 100 people) of mobile broadband also increased significantly, from 50 to 62 subscribers per 100 people.

The Czech Republic scores relatively low in the share of harmonised spectrum, apparently because there is little market demand by mobile operators.

2. Human Capital

2 Human CapitalCzech RepublicClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015130.540.570.54
DESI 2014140.510.540.52

 

In the dimension Human Capital of DESI 2015, the Czech Republic performs fairly. With a score of 0.54, the country improved its position among EU countries to 13th (from 14th in the last year).

 

 Czech RepublicEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
2a1 Internet Users
% individuals (aged 16-74)
76%
(2014)
 1470%
(2013)
1675%
(2014)
2a2 Basic Digital Skills
% individuals (aged 16-74)
57%
(2014)
 1552%
(2012)
1859%
(2014)
2b1 ICT Specialists
% employed individuals
2.9%
(2013)
 132.9%
(2012)
132.8%
(2013)
2b2 STEM Graduates
Graduates in STEM per 1000 individuals (aged 20 to 29)
17
(2012)
 1317
(2012)
1317
(2012)

 

The share of regular Internet users in the Czech Republic (76% of citizens) grew from the previous year and is now just around the EU average.

With 57% of the Czech population possessing at least basic digital skills, the country stands slightly below the EU average. On the other hand, the Czech Republic has a share of ICT specialists[3] in the workforce that is slightly above the EU average. As for STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) graduates, with 1.7% of Czech aged 20-29 years old holding this type of degree, the country performs exactly at the EU average.

3. Use of Internet

3 Use of InternetCzech RepublicClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015200.390.440.41
DESI 2014190.370.420.39

 

In terms of the propensity of individuals to use Internet services, the Czech Republic scores 0.39 (up from 0.37 last year) and ranks 20th among EU countries (down from 19th). The use of internet by the Czechs is still growing and is approaching the EU average.

 

 Czech RepublicEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
3a1 News
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
86%
(2014)
 585%
(2013)
467%
(2014)
3a2 Music, Videos and Games
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
57%
(2014)
 834%
(2012)
2749%
(2014)
3a3 Video on Demand
% households that have a TV
12%
(2013)
 2312%
(2013)
2339%
(2013)
3a4 IPTV
% households that have a TV
5.1%
(2013)
 215.1%
(2013)
2113%
(2013)
3b1 Video Calls
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
45%
(2014)
 1053%
(2013)
637%
(2014)
3b2 Social Networks
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
50%
(2014)
 2649%
(2013)
2658%
(2014)
3c1 Banking
% individuals who used Internet in the last 3 months (aged 16-74)
58%
(2014)
 1556%
(2013)
1557%
(2014)
3c2 Shopping
% individuals who used Internet in the last year (aged 16-74)
52%
(2014)
 1548%
(2013)
1663%
(2014)

 

Czech Internet users engage in a broad range of online activities. They read the news online (86%), listen to music, watch films and play games online (57%), use the Internet to communicate through social networks (50%). On the other hand, still far less common is to obtain video content using broadband connections. Czech Internet users are also quite keen on the use of online banking (58%) and on online shopping (52%) too.

4. Integration of Digital Technology

4 Integration of Digital TechnologyCzech RepublicClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 201570.410.370.33
DESI 2014100.360.340.3

 

Integration of Digital Technology by businesses is the DESI 2015 dimension where the Czech Republic performs best. The Czech Republic scores 0.41 and ranks 7th among EU countries. Czech businesses exploit well most of the possibilities offered by on-line commerce and technologies such as electronic information sharing (ERP).

 

 Czech RepublicEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
4a1 Electronic Information Sharing
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
28%
(2014)
 2023%
(2013)
2031%
(2014)
4a2 RFID
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
1.3%
(2014)
 280.98%
(2011)
253.8%
(2014)
4a3 Social Media
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
n.a. -6.4%
(2013)
2714%
(2014)
4a4 eInvoices
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
11%
(2014)
 911%
(2013)
1411%
(2014)
4a5 Cloud
% enterprises (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
8.9%
(2014)
 16n.a.-11%
(2014)
4b1 SMEs Selling Online
% SMEs (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
26%
(2014)
 125%
(2013)
215%
(2014)
4b2 eCommerce Turnover
% turnover of SMEs (no financial sector, 10-249 employees)
18%
(2014)
 115%
(2013)
18.8%
(2014)
4b3 Selling Online Cross-border
% SMEs (no financial sector, 10+ employees)
12%
(2013)
 412%
(2013)
46.5%
(2013)

 

The Czech SMEs are EU leaders in selling on-line; they also lead the ranks in terms of the turnover from online sales. They are relatively strong in selling on-line to other EU member states (12%, compared to the EU average of 6.5%). This means that Czech businesses take good advantage of the possibilities and benefits offered by digital technologies, both to improve their efficiency and productivity as well as to access wider markets.  

The use of digital technologies is an important driver of labour productivity growth. Czech businesses perform near to the EU average in use of electronic information sharing (ERP) and eInvoices. On the other hand, the use of radio-frequency identification (RFID -1.3%) and of cloud services (13%) are both below the EU average.

5. Digital Public Services

5 Digital Public ServicesCzech RepublicClusterEU
rankscorescorescore
DESI 2015250.30.490.47
DESI 2014230.30.450.45

 

In the Digital Public Services dimension the Czech Republic scores 0.3, its worst score among the five DESI 2015 dimensions. It ranks 25th among the EU countries. There are significant shortcomings especially on the supply-side of digital public services.

 

 Czech RepublicEU
DESI 2015DESI 2014DESI 2015
valuerankvaluerankvalue
5a1 eGovernment Users
% individuals returning filled forms, out of Internet users in the last year (aged 16-74)
14%
(2014)
 269.1%
(2013)
2733%
(2014)
5a2 Pre-filled Forms
Score (0 to 100)
28
(2014)
 1941
(2013)
1945
(2014)
5a3 Online Service Completion
Score (0 to 100)
58
(2014)
 2356
(2013)
2375
(2014)
5a4 Open Data
Score (0 to 700)
290
(2014)
 20n.a.-380
(2014)
5b1 Medical Data Exchange
% General Practitioners
23%
(2013)
 1623%
(2013)
1636%
(2013)
5b2 ePrescription
% General Practitioners
7.8%
(2013)
 177.8%
(2013)
1727%
(2013)

 

Modern public services offered online in an efficient manner are a vehicle to reduce public spending and ensure efficiency gains for enterprises, citizens and the public administration itself. The Czech Republic faces a key challenge in online public services. Its indicator scores[4] place it below EU average and show that the level of sophistication of its services needs to improve. Better online public services are also likely to improve the use of services by Czech citizens, as only 14% of internet users have engaged with the public administration sending filled-in forms.

The efficiency and degree of service offered the by health systems can be greatly improved through digitisation. The performance of the Czech Republic’s in eHealth can progress for example by encouraging a greater adoption of medical data exchange (23% of Czech general practitioners exchange medical data electronically, versus 36% in the EU). This holds even more true for a weak use of ePrescription, where the fact that only 7.8% of its general practitioners transfer prescriptions to pharmacists electronically makes it rank 17th among EU countries.

 

[1] DESI scores range from 0 to 1, the higher the score the better the country performance.

[2] In the DESI 2015, the medium-performance cluster of countries comprises Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Germany, Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Portugal, Spain  and the United Kingdom

[3] Broad definition taken from JRC (IPTS) "The evolution of EU ICT employment 2000-2012" Technical report (forthcoming): ISCO codes 25 and 35, plus ICT graduates in certain adjacent ISCO codes.

[4] 28/100 in the Pre-filled Forms indicator (measuring the extent to which data that is already known to the public administration is pre-filled in the forms that are presented to the user), and of 58/100 in the Online Service Completion indicator (measuring the extent to which the various steps in an interaction with the public administration – life event – can be performed completely online).

 

Figures from 2013

 Download the country profile for 2013 as a pdf

 Download country information for 2013 as a power point presentation

Last updated on 24/02/2015