Digital Agenda for Europe
A Europe 2020 Initiative

Media Freedom and Pluralism

The importance of transparency, freedom and diversity in Europe's media landscape. The European Commission commits to respect freedom and pluralism of media. In this page you can find several acts, documents and studies on the subject.
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Freedom of expression is one of the essential foundations of the European Union. But freedom of expression can only be exercised in a free and pluralistic media environment, including through independent media governance.

The European Union's commitment to respect freedom and pluralism of the media, as well as the right to information and freedom of expression is enshrined in Article 11 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights, similar to the provision of Article 10 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

Defending Media Freedom and Pluralism

  • Addressing violations of media freedom and pluralism: "European Centre for Press and Media Freedom.  The Commission selected in early 2014 four projects, run by NGOs and academic institutions, with the object to address violations of media freedom and pluralism in the EU and Candidate Countries.  Two projects were selected in 2015 following a second call launched in 2014.
  • Independent monitoring of media pluralism:  Pilot implementation of the Media pluralism Monitor (MPM).  The European Commission awarded a grant for the Centre for Media Pluralism and Media Freedom (CMPF) to conduct a Pilot implementation of the “Media pluralism Monitor” (MPM).  Nine countries have been selected for the pilot test (Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy and the UK).
    The results are available here.
    A second grant has been awarded at the end of 2014 to further develop the MPM and to implement it in the remaining 19 EU Member States.

Council Conclusions on Media Freedom and Pluralism

On 26 November 2013, the Council of the European Union and the representatives of the Governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council, adopted conclusions on media freedom and pluralism in the digital environment. 
In those conclusions, the Council invites the Commission to:

  • continue to support projects that aim at enhancing the protection of journalists and media practitioners
  • continue to support the independent monitoring tool for assessing risks to media pluralism in the EU (MPM)
  • strengthen cooperation between Member States' audiovisual regulatory authorities and promote best practice as regards the transparency of media ownership
  • assess the effectiveness of these measures in order to consider any further steps.

Documents and Studies

Last updated on 11/05/2015 - 16:39


Robert Madelin's picture
These days, we witness a growing demand for transparency related to corporations. From taxation to corporate social responsibility; from labour standards to the origin of row materials: citizens are more and more interested in what is behind a product or a service offered. They expect companies including media to behave responsibly and be transparent about their structure and activities.
Lorena Boix Alonso's picture
Last Friday, 3 October 2014, the Commission organised an exchange of best practices on transparency of media ownership. The objective was to draw lessons from several Member States’ way to achieve transparency. The countries chosen were Austria, Croatia and Finland.
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