Digital Agenda for Europe
A Europe 2020 Initiative

The Internet of Things

Internet of Things
Internet of Things (IoT) seeks to merge physical and virtual worlds creating 'smart environments' to improve EU citizens' lives. The European Commission supports IoT innovation and future deployment.
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Internet of Things (IoT) represents the next step towards the digitisation of our society and economy, where objects and people are interconnected through communication networks and report about their status and/or the surrounding environment.

IoT can also benefit the European economy generating economic growth and employment; according to a recent European Commission study the market value of the IoT in the EU is expected to exceed one trillion euros in 2020.

For the past six years, the Commission is cooperating actively with Member States and third countries towards the development and future deployment of the IoT technology.

In March 2015 the European Commission initiated the creation of the Alliance for Internet of Things Innovation (AIOTI). This alliance flags the intention of the the European commission to work closely with all stakeholders and actors of the Internet of Things.

The Digital Single Market (DSM), adopted in May 2015, leads Europe a step further in accelerating developments on IoT. The DSM consolidates initiatives on security and data protection, which are essential for the adoption of this technology. Most importantly, it announces an initiative on the Data economy (free flow of data, allocation of liability, ownership, interoperability, usability and access) and promises to tackle interoperability and standardisation.

European IoT Research and Innovation

The IERC-Internet of Things European Research Cluster groups together the IoT projects funded by the European research framework programs, as well as national IoT initiatives.

The requirements of IoT will also be fed into the research on empowering network technologies, like 5G Mobiles. FIWARE will be one of the platforms to support building blocks useful for IoT applications, while Cloud Computing will provide objects with service and storage resources. On the application side, initiatives like Sensing Enterprise and Factory of the Future help companies use the technology to innovate, while experimental facilities like FIRE are available for large-scale testing.

In order to manage content and the related large amount of information, the Open Data strategy will be instrumental. A European Data Forum was established in 2012 to contribute to it.

IoT Large Scale pilots for testing and deployment

The important investments on Internet of Things technologies which have already been taken at EU and Member States levels, reveals the next big step towards implementation of large scale pilots. The European Commission launched a series of IoT large scale pilots in the areas of wearables, assisted living, connected vehicles, smart cities, smart agriculture and water management supported by Horizon 2020.

The pilots will not be designed as a purely technological exercise. They will deliver IoT practical solutions in terms of applicable technology and standards, privacy and security, business models as well as usability. The pilots should also serve to deduce methodologies to assess privacy and security impacts of IoT.


Last updated on 25/11/2015 - 14:46


Sergio Garcia Gomez's picture
Citizens are the driving force for Smart Cities deployment. Internet of Things is just a catalyst to enable the creation of new and better services and more efficient usage of resources in the city.
Mustapha Bouraoui's picture
We need rigorous impact assessment methodologies, involving multidisciplinary teams (sociologists, gerontologists, health economics experts, etc.), to assess the benefits of smart living environments for ageing well based on the Internet of Things (IoT).
Robert Macdougall's picture
The Alliance for Internet of Things Innovation (AIOTI) Policy Working Group makes cross-cutting policy recommendations for both the supply and demand side of the Internet of Things (IoT).
Patrick Guillemin's picture
Our AIOTI Working Group is developing and adopting global key standards to ensure effectiveness and interoperability, support economies of scale, enable data sharing and offer innovative new services.
Roberto Viola's picture
Roberto VIOLA
A new European standard for smart appliances called SAREF has been launched in a record time: less than a year! This standard has been developed by the European Commission in close cooperation with industry and ETSI, the European Telecommunications Standards Institute.
Raph Crouan's picture
Europe is undoubtedly the cradle of some of the most active Small & Medium Businesses (SMEs) in the world. Knowing well that SMEs are the backbone of the EU Economy, Internet of Things (IoT) heavily relies on their ability to invent, test and deploy IoT technologies. This is why SMEs are an essential pillar for the Alliance for Internet of Things Innovation (AIOTI) in order to create a dynamic European Internet of Things ecosystem.
Thibaut Kleiner's picture
Everybody is talking about the Internet of Things, the next digital revolution after mobile Internet. From smart watches to connected farms, from connected cars to smart homes to smart cities, the IoT is about connecting everything and everyone to the Internet; It therefore, means new markets, new business models, more efficiency, better management of our environmental resources and innovative possibilities for users.
Roberto Viola's picture
Roberto VIOLA
Communications networks will play an even more important role in our economies as the number of objects connected to the internet increases. Here some rather technical thoughts that came to my mind when reflecting about numbering and addressing issues.
Oscar Deniz's picture
How to build a tiny intelligent camera that can be placed anywhere and see for us? Eyes of Things (EoT) is developing a platform for embedded computer vision that will allow innovative products and services.
Thibaut Kleiner's picture
Almost a week ago I attended the Internet of Things (IoT) week in Lisbon, Portugal. It was a very interesting gathering of experts, innovators and business developers.
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