Horizon 2020 Space Work Programme
Horizon 2020 is the financial instrument implementing the Innovation Union, a Europe 2020 flagship initiative aimed at securing Europe's global competitiveness. Running from 2014 to 2020 and with a budget of just over €70 billion, the EU’s framework programme for research and innovation is part of the drive to stimulate growth and create jobs in Europe including a budget for Space R&I of almost € 1.5 billion. The budget was distributed under three priorities (see figure below):
1) Maximising benefits of space for society and EU economy, in particular with services and applications developed thanks to the Galileo and Copernicus infrastructure for global positioning, navigation, timing and for Earth observation
2) Ensuring a globally competitive and innovative EU space sector by focusing on space technologies, including for European non-dependence, and space science
3) Providing access to space in a secure and safe space environment, taking into account aspects such as space weather and space traffic management.
Preparing Horizon Europe
In June 2018, the European Commission tabled a proposal for the next framework programme for research and innovation Horizon Europe which will cover the period 2021-2027 with an overall budget of € 100 billion (COM(2018) 435 and 436).
The programme is structured in three pillars: open science, global challenges and industrial and open innovation. Space is naturally under the second pillar in a joint cluster 'digital, industry and space' with a proposed envelope of € 15 billion.
For space, Horizon Europe funds R&I for the new 'Space Programme of the Union' (COM(2018) 447) which regroups in a single programme the four components Galileo/EGNSS, Copernicus, SSA and GOVSATCOM and three horizontal activities to support access to space, start-ups and security.
In addition, Horizon Europe will continue to develop technologies for the space segment to foster the competitiveness of the EU space sector and to reinforce the EU capacity to access and use space. This will be supported through a strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA) for EU-funded space research supporting competitiveness.
Finally, several cross-cutting R&I activity lines are developed. Actions will be undertaken to develop an ecosystem for entrepreneurship and to mature new technologies including a Quantum initiative. More details on these two initiatives are provided below.