Why?

From providing digital access to physically inaccessible sites, to preserving priceless artefacts and exploring new ways of adapting and valuing cultural heritage for creative industries and other sustainable development opportunities, research and innovation (R&I) can nurture smart and technologically advanced solutions to the challenges Europe is facing in trying to protect and benefit from its cultural heritage.

The European Year of Cultural Heritage is an opportunity to showcase and intensify investments that the EU has made in the development of European expertise in this field, through the EU Research and Innovation programme Horizon 2020 and the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC).

For whom?

Researchers, innovators, academics, cultural heritage professionals and experts, public authorities.

What?

The initiative has 2 main components:

Component 1: Promoting excellence

The initiative is showcasing best examples of EU-funded scientific research. From 2014 to 2020, the EU Framework Programme for research and innovation “Horizon 2020” is expected to invest €500 million in cultural heritage. A European Commission (DG RTD) policy review entitled “Innovation in Cultural Heritage Research” was published in March on the occasion of the European Year of Cultural Heritage.

Following a mapping exercise, the policy review makes suggestions designed to improve the European research framework after 2020. In June, the publication “Heritage at Risk: EU research and innovation for a more resilient cultural heritage” was published, providing a comprehensive review of research and innovation projects on the preservation and sustainable management of vulnerable artifacts and sites.

The European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) has also developed a number of innovative tools designed to benefit the cultural heritage sector. These include:

  • Testing the use of smart materials on historic masonry structures to improve their seismic resistance and allowing post-earthquake structural assessment.
  • 3D laser scanning technology used for damage assessment and reconstruction planning of historical buildings. 

In 2018 and beyond, several new actions will be launched under Horizon 2020. These include:

  • Allocation of €18 million for research in “Resilience and sustainable reconstruction of historic areas to cope with climate change and hazard events”, aiming at developing cost-effective technologies to increase resilience or reconstruct damaged historic areas after disasters, while fully respecting their historic value.
  • Research on “Inclusive and sustainable growth through cultural and creative industries and the arts” will have an overall budget of €7.5 million. The objective is to provide scientific evidence for designing a more coherent European industrial policy for Cultural and Creative Industries. In addition, €10 million has been earmarked for the research topic “Curation of digital assets and advanced digitisation”.
  • Research on “Digitisation, Digital Single Market and European culture: new challenges for creativity, intellectual property rights and copyright” will cover essential elements for the development of cultural and creative industries, with a budget of €9 million.
  • 2018 will also see opening of the new research and innovation calls closing in 2019 on “Transforming historic urban areas and cultural landscapes into hubs of entrepreneurship and social and cultural integration” (€25 million), “Innovative approaches to urban and regional development through cultural tourism”(€9 million), “The societal value of culture and the impact of cultural policies in Europe” (€9 million), and on “Collaborative approaches to cultural heritage for social cohesion” (€12 million).

KEY DATES:

• 20 March 2018
European Commission High Level Conference on Innovation and Cultural Heritage in Brussels, Belgium.
Presentation of the Policy Review

Component 2: Generating expertise

During the “Fair of European Innovators on Cultural Heritage” taking place in November 2018, a Community of Innovators in Cultural Heritage was launched. The community aims to disseminate R&I results, create new synergies among key stakeholders and bridge the gap between research, market and society. An innovative web-platform is currently under construction. The platform will offer a virtual environment where innovators will have the chance to share results, exchange ideas, find new partners, create new synergies and develop new strategies. A “Social platform on endangered cultural heritage and on illicit trafficking of cultural goods” will be created (see Initiative 7).

KEY DATES:

• 15-16 November 2018
“Fair of European Innovators in Cultural Heritage” and launch of the Community of Innovators in Cultural Heritage (together with its web-platform) in Brussels, Belgium

Partners

  • Within the Commission, services dealing with research and innovation, education, culture, and the Joint Research Centre
  • European universities

Find out more

Find out more