Skip to main content
Competition Policy

On 15 December 2020, the Commission adopted a proposal for a Digital Markets Act (“Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on contestable and fair markets in the digital sector”). The proposal – adopted at the same time as the proposal for a Digital Services Act – seeks to address the negative consequences arising from platforms acting as digital “gatekeepers” to the internal market. These are platforms that have the power to act as private rule-makers and that can function as bottlenecks between businesses and consumers.

The Digital Markets Act builds on the horizontal Platform to Business Regulation, on the findings of the EU Observatory on the Online Platform Economy, and on the Commission’s extensive experience in dealing with online markets through competition law enforcement. In particular, the Digital Markets Act sets out harmonised rules defining and prohibiting unfair practices by gatekeepers and providing an enforcement mechanism based on market investigations. The same mechanism will ensure that the obligations set out in the regulation are kept up-to-date in the constantly evolving digital reality.