Skip to main content
Competition Policy

Competition Policy

Competition policy encourages companies to offer consumers goods and services on the most favourable terms. It encourages efficiency and innovation and reduces prices. To be effective, competition requires companies to act independently of each other, and subject to the  pressure exerted by their competitors.

A competition policy fit for new challenges: On 18th November 2021, the Commission adopted a Communication summarising the key elements of a major competition policy review.

Competition Policy Instruments

Articles 101 and 102 of the Treaty prohibit agreements which restrict competition and the abuse of dominance on a given market.
A cartel is a group of independent companies which join together to fix prices, limit production or share markets or customers between them.
Mergers can benefit the economy but some may reduce competition. Proposed mergers are examined to prevent harmful effects on competition.
A company receiving State aid has an advantage over competitors. State aid is generally prohibited unless compatible with EU rules.
Searches for published decisions can be carried out under policy area, case number, title and date.

Who's in charge

Chief Competition Economist

The Chief Economist is part of the Commission's Directorate General for Competition, and assists in evaluating the economic impact of its actions.

Hearing officers

The main role of the Hearing Officer is to safeguard the effective exercise of procedural rights throughout competition proceedings.


The European Commission cooperates with competition authorities of non-EU countries both on policy and enforcement issues of mutual interest.

Other COMP topics


Competition Reports, Studies, Factsheets and Infographics, Ex-post economic evaluations.

Public Consultations

Open consultations on competition policy. “Have Your Say” on Commission initiatives at key stages in the legislative process.

Competition and the European Green Deal

click here