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Updates 2014

Travelling is an essential aspect of daily life for European citizens. Passenger rights protect citizens when travelling in the EU on all modes of transport (by plane, train, ship or long distance bus). This Eurobarometer survey assesses the use of transport services in the EU but also the knowledge and understanding European citizens have of their rights as passengers and how they can apply them. It also assesses in how far citizens are disturbed by transport noise.
DG MOVE commissioned this survey to gather information from Europeans citizens, understand their habits, hear their opinions, and analyse their perceptions of transport related matters. The survey focused on: • The most frequently used modes of transport for daily and long journeys, and the reasons these modes were chosen; • How to encourage the use of public transport by car and motorbike users; • The perceptions of the quality of road, air and rail over the last five years and the most serious problems affecting these modes of transport; • How to make the transport sector more appealing for job seekers.
Results are presented first for the EU as a whole, then for individual countries, followed by socio-demographic analysis.
This Flash Eurobarometer was carried out in the 28 EU member states between 18-20 September 2014. Some 26,566 people were interviewed. The survey assesses the extent to which Europeans already use the Internet and online resources to help manage their own health. The report looks at the type of health-related information people most commonly look for and where they look for it. It then studies how satisfied they are with the health-related information they found, and how likely they would be to use the Internet to look for health-related information in the future.
The findings show that six out of ten Europeans go online when looking for health information. Nine of them were satisfied with the information found and said that the Internet helped them to improve their knowledge about health-related topics.
The main purpose of this Eurobarometer study is to help inform the Horizon 2020 programme by establishing which areas European citizens would like science and innovation to focus, so as to tackle issues of most concern to them. The survey asked respondents about which areas science and innovation should give priority over the next 15 years, with areas such as job creation, health and medical care, education and skills, and the fight against climate change among the issues they are asked to consider.
For this survey carried out on 6 - 8 October 2014, some 16 500 respondents across the 18 euro area countries were interviewed by phone.
The results show that overall support for the euro has stabilised at 57%, including the highest increase in support in Estonia compared with the 2013 survey. A clear majority of 69% sees the euro as good for the EU as a whole. There are nevertheless some important differences between the 18 countries. Asked for the first time, an overall majority of 60% is in favour of abolishing 1-cent and 2-cent coins and applying mandatory up- and down-rounding of the final sum of purchase in shops and supermarkets.
Citizens replied to a set of questions focusing on issues ranging from perception and practical aspects of the euro to their assessment of the economic situation, policy and reforms in their country and in the euro area. In addition, citizens were asked about their views and expectations regarding household income and inflation.
“The Promise of the EU” aims to develop a vision for the EU’s future based on three questions: How much unity do citizens want and what are the areas where more integration should take place? What would make the EU more democratic and how can EU politicians be made more accountable for the decisions they make? What is the right balance between responsibility and solidarity? The broad objectives of this study are to understand how people perceive the EU and what the European idea means to them, especially in the wake of the economic and financial crisis.
This Flash Eurobarometer survey is the first of a series of three surveys amongst Croatians aged 21-45 years related to an information campaign on consumer rights in Croatia.
The survey serves as a benchmark for the campaign preparations. It aims to measure consumer problems in some specific sectors, perceived knowledge and interest in consumer rights, as well as familiarity with sources of information on consumer rights, previous consumer rights campaigns and trust in consumer associations and institutions.
The electronic customs project initiated by the European Commission aims to replace paper format customs procedures with EU-wide electronic systems, thus creating a more efficient and modern customs environment. The project's dual objective is to enhance security at the EU's external borders and to facilitate trade. It should therefore benefit both businesses and citizens.
In line with this strategy, Member States have been steadily introducing electronic systems in order to simplify their customs operations and make them interoperable with those of other EU Members. This report aims to evaluate the progress of the transition from a paper-based to an electronic system in the 17 countries covered by the survey. This survey was carried out between 16 April and 9 May 2014.
To help address the environmental problems facing Europe and the world, the EU's Europe 2020 strategy contains a set of environmental objectives, as well as a commitment to sustainability. To inform this process, and assist the European Commission in delivering the environmental goals of Europe 2020, this survey examines citizens’ impressions of the environment and environmental problems, and asks people how they think these issues might be addressed.
For this survey carried out in early September 2014, some 1 000 respondents in Lithuania were interviewed by phone. In Lithuania's run up to adopting the euro on 1 January 2015, citizens from different social and demographic groups replied to a set of questions focusing on issues ranging from perception of and support for the introduction of the euro in Lithuania to how Lithuanian citizens felt informed about the common currency.
Questions included how citizens saw the consequences for themselves, their country and for those countries which already have adopted the euro. Other questions looked at how and where citizens wished to be informed and what type of information they considered most important.
The survey finds that 51% of Lithuanians think that Lithuania is ready to introduce the euro while a narrow relative majority is against this: 49% against versus 47% in favour. On a personal level, a majority of 90% say they will manage to adapt to the changeover to the euro.
Waste management and resource efficiency are key elements of EU environmental policy and the Europe 2020 strategy. This survey seeks to understand citizens’ perceptions, attitudes and practices related to the efficient use of resources and the generation and management of waste, as well as elements of the so-called “circular economy” (including second-hand products and alternatives to buying new products).
This report presents the results of a survey conducted among young Europeans aged 15 to 24 regarding their behaviour and attitudes towards drugs, including the so-called "legal highs", that is to say new substances that imitate the effects of illicit drugs and are often sold in the form of powders, herbs or pills. Insights are given into drug use, availability of drugs, and opinions on which measures could best be undertaken to tackle drug-related problems in society. The survey also looks at young people's perceptions of the health risk related to the use of particular drugs, ranging from heroin to cannabis, as well as alcohol.
The objective of this survey was to review changes that had occurred since the adoption of the Council Recommendation on patient safety and healthcare associated infections in 2009, in the following areas: 1. information to EU citizens about patient safety measures; 2. the likelihood of experiencing an adverse event, and the circumstances and characteristics of this experience; 3. the types of redress available if EU citizens suffer an adverse event in their own country or another Member State, and where they can turn for help; 4. EU public perceptions of the quality of healthcare.
In addition, this survey also asked about EU citizens’ experience of hospitalisation and/or long-term care, and whether they received information on the risk of healthcare associated infections.
This survey highlights EU citizens’ attitudes towards the education that they have received and the priorities for education and training in their country, as well as their views on the most important aspects of education and the main skills that education can provide. It also reveals experiences of working in other countries, perceptions of the extent to which qualifications are recognised in different Member States, and citizens' awareness and use of career guidance services.
The main objective of the survey is to measure satisfaction with the use of urban public transport.
According to the survey 69% of EU citizens are satisfied with public transportation, although the numbers varies widely across the EU, ranging from 88% at the highest to 31% at the lowest. Furthermore, only 32% of Europeans make use of public transportation at least once a week and nearly one fourth never do. The survey was conducted, for the first time on this subject at EU level, with 28.000 EU citizens. The analysis complements a recent survey on "Attitudes of Europeans towards urban mobility" (Special Eurobarometer 406).
For this survey carried out in April 2014, some 7 000 respondents in the seven EU Member States that joined the European Union in recent years and have not yet adopted the euro were interviewed by phone. Citizens from different social and demographic groups replied to a set of questions focusing on issues ranging from perception of and support for the introduction of the euro in their country to how citizens felt informed about the common currency. Questions included how citizens saw the consequences for themselves, their country and for those countries which already have adopted the euro. Other questions looked at how and where citizens wished to be informed and what type of information they considered most important. This survey clearly reversed the gradual downward trend of previous survey waves as now an overall majority was in favour of introducing the euro in their own country. However, support varied greatly between the individual Member States, ranging from highest support 74% to lowest 16% of respondents.
This Eurobarometer study was designed to benchmark innovation activities in a range of areas, as well as to explore barriers to commercialisation, and the role of public funding in innovation. The survey covered the following areas: • Profiles of companies that develop innovations; • The impact of innovations on turnover;• Actors involved in the development of ideas for innovation; • Types of public support received for innovation activities and its importance for innovation; • Barriers to commercialisation of both innovative and non-innovative products and services; • The role innovation plays in public procurement, including involvement in the Public Procurement of Innovative Solutions.
The "Europeans in 2014" survey presents the latest state of the public opinion in the European Union (EU). It outlines Europeans' perception of the economic situation, their main concerns and their views on the European project. Most of the questions were already asked in Standard Eurobarometer surveys, which allow monitoring trends. The survey covers all 28 EU Member States. It was carried out from 15 to 24 March 2014. 27,932 respondents, aged 15 years and more, were interviewed face-to-face at their homes.
The EU relies on a comprehensive set of policies and legislation that aims at supporting better working conditions in the EU, including minimum standards of labour law and occupational safety and health. Working conditions for the purpose of this Eurobarometer were defined as working time, work organisation, health and safety at work, employee representation and relation with the employer. The survey does not only aim to know the opinion of Europeans about their current working conditions, but also about the evolution of the working conditions over the last 5 years and looks at how the quality of work has been affected by the crisis. The survey shows among others that a majority think that their working conditions have deteriorated in the last 5 years and reveals wide disparities in worker satisfaction between Member States.
The Future of Europe report presents a snapshot of the way Europeans perceived the EU and its future direction in early 2014. It begins by considering the EU’s present circumstances, its main assets and the main challenges it faces. Then it asks whether children in today’s EU can expect an easier or more difficult life than people from older generations, and whether the EU is likely to be more or less influential than other world powers at the end of this decade. Finally, the focus shifts towards planning for the Europe of 2020, looking at where the policy-making emphasis should lie, whether there should be more or less decision-making at EU level, and support for further European integration in three specific areas.
The Commission has released the results of a Eurobarometer survey to measure the attitude of EU households and citizens towards the main e-communications services in the Single Market: fixed and mobile voice telephony and Internet access, TV broadcast services and service packages. The survey measures consumer's perception of mobile roaming, broadband speed, quality of experience of access services, affordability, switching service provider and price transparency, 112 awareness and use of public payphone and directory enquiry services. The fieldwork was conducted between 18 and 27 January 2014. It covers the 28 EU Member States, with a total of 27,736 respondents interviewed. It follows on from the previous Eurobarometer survey which was conducted in February-March 2013.
According to the results of the latest Eurobarometer survey on sport and physical activity, 59% of European Union citizens never or seldom exercise or play sport, while 41% do so at least once a week. Northern Europe is more physically active than the South and East. The survey shows that local authorities in particular could do more to encourage citizens to be physically active.
Undeclared work, in the sense of paid activities which are legal but concealed from public authorities, is an important component of tax and social security fraud. There is a legitimate concern that today’s difficult labour market and social situation encourage undeclared work. However, this Special Eurobarometer, a re-edition of a similar survey conducted in 2007, not only shows little variation in the extent of the phenomenon since the crisis, but even a significant reduction in some countries, which may be associated in many cases with new, effective policies to combat it. Further analysis of the survey and the underlying policy scene is provided in the 2013 Employment and Social Developments in Europe Review.
European public opinion regarding European agriculture and the Common Agricultural Policy seems supportive of the main objectives adopted in the CAP reform of November 2013: • Europeans agree that agriculture and rural areas are very important for the future; •They think it is legitimate to continue to devote a significant share of the European budget to agriculture and rural development; • This legitimacy is based on the fact that EU citizens believe they indirectly profit from this financial aid, primarily via the supply of a diversity of quality food products, but also through environmental protection; • They also strongly believe that society as a whole benefits from this aid and they attribute a growing role to agriculture and farmers in the maintenance of economic activity and employment in rural areas; • However, the survey also reveals a lack of public awareness about agriculture, as for example, Europeans continue to believe that the United States produces more agricultural products than the EU.
Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of the modern age. As Europe takes action to meet its objectives, it is important to understand the attitudes and behaviour of EU citizens towards climate change and their expectations for the future. This Eurobarometer survey measures these and compares them with the last poll on this issue carried out in 2011.
On behalf of the European Commission Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, three Flash EB surveys accompanied Latvia's changeover to the euro. For this purpose, different social and demographic groups were interviewed. The first survey, Flash EB 390 conducted on 28 and 30 December 2013, looked at Latvians’ awareness of and preparedness for the changeover. The second survey, Flash EB 391 carried out in nine interview rounds from 2 January to 14 January 2014, monitored the progress of Latvia’s changeover to the euro during the 14-day dual circulation period. It looked at the trend of cash transactions and whether there were problems withdrawing or changing money. The third survey, Flash EB 393 carried out on 16 and 18 January 2014 immediately after the end of the dual circulation period, looked at Latvians' attitude towards the new currency and the changeover process. In detail, the survey includes measures on personal experiences of using euro banknotes and euro coins, converting Latvian lats to euros, understanding values in euros, appreciation of the dual display of prices and of starter kits, and perceptions of the success of the changeover and level of information.
Tourism is close to the hearts of Europeans and remains a powerful driver for the economy. The Eurobarometer survey on the preferences of Europeans towards tourism provides a detailed insight of Europeans' tourism preferences in 2013 - including favourite destinations, reasons for travelling and booking methods - and anticipates travelling trends for 2014.
Space technologies and space-based services are an important part of the daily lives of European citizens in a wide range of areas, including transport, agriculture, weather forecasting and security, to name just a few. They have also an important role in the implementation of a range of European Union policies, from environmental management, through transport and navigation, to co-ordinating responses to natural disasters.
This survey aimed to gain insight into Europeans' awareness and expectations of space-based activities and services. The survey has also a prospective dimension since it asked respondents to think 20 years ahead when considering several issues and a range of space activities, and the impact they may have on society.

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