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 Updates 2010

Two-thirds of respondents of the euro area countries believed that having the euro was a good thing for Europe; this was a slight decrease compared to 2009 (- 3 percentage points over 2009). Approximately three-quarters (77%) of interviewees from euro area countries said that the introduction of the euro had not had an influence on their European identity (no change from 2009).
The key findings of this survey are : The vast majority of Estonian enterprises felt that they were well informed about the euro and the changeover. Nine in ten enterprises were satisfied with the information they had received about the changeover. Two areas in which a majority of Estonian companies would like to better informed were the implications of the changeover on contracts, salaries, et cetera and the security features of euro banknotes and coins. Estonian enterprises predominantly preferred information on the euro changeover coming from the media as well as from the National Central Bank. Half of respondents were aware of the existence of seminars on the euro changeover and the national website on the euro, yet just a quarter had actually used the website. A majority of businesses tended to believe that the effects of joining the euro area will be positive in the medium to long term. Three-quarters of Estonian companies reported to have already started preparing for the currency switch.
The main findings of this survey are : Awareness of – and experience with – the euro : When asked about the exact number of Member States already in the euro area, almost one third of respondents knew the correct answer: 16 countries. A majority of respondents, nonetheless, gave an incorrect answer. Informing citizens about the euro : A majority of citizens did not feel well informed about the euro. These results were almost the same as those recorded in the previous round. The euro: perceptions and support for its introduction : Overall, a relative majority of the respondents in the NMS8 thought that the euro would have positive consequences for their country; fewer respondents expected negative consequences at a national level. On the other hand, a relative majority of respondents thought there would be negative outcomes at a personal level; slightly fewer interviewees held the opposite view. Consequences of adopting the euro : A relative majority of citizens in the NMS8 thought that the introduction of the euro had positive consequences in the countries that were already members of the euro area, while about a third felt that the consequences had been negative.
Over 80 million people in the EU are still living at risk of poverty and a quarter of these citizens are children. The economic crisis has exacerbated this situation, exposing vulnerable groups even more. With the 2010 European Year against Poverty and Social Exclusion drawing to a close, the EU must continue to step up its efforts for the decade to come on this key issue. Bringing vulnerable groups into the heart of our societies and labour markets is central to sustainable and inclusive growth. Poverty reduction is an engine for this future growth. At the initiative of the European Commission, EU leaders have already set, for the first time ever, a concrete numerical target to reduce poverty and social exclusion by at least 20 million by 2020. Today's communication, 'The European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion' sets out ways to help Member States move up a gear in fighting social exclusion. Countries now have to set their own ambitious national targets, reporting annually on their progress. The Commission will support these efforts, mobilising – among others – policies like social protection, employment and education, as well as EU funding. It will also promote new partnerships and new ways of combating poverty through social innovation to test new policy ideas.
A new Europe-wide survey among employers shows that, when it comes to graduate recruitment, 'soft' skills are just as valued as sector-specific and computer skills. Significant numbers of employers questioned said that the ability to work well in a team (98%), to adapt to new situations (97%), communication skills (96%), and knowledge of foreign languages (67%) were important when recruiting for their companies. Almost 50% of companies with considerable international business identified knowledge of foreign languages as the most important skill for the future.
The key findings of this survey are that Europeans: ♦ Want the European Union to address unemployment as a priority for the EU (63%); ♦ Consider poverty as the second EU priority (42%); ♦ See job creation as the priority area for the EU to invest its resources in (56%); ♦ Accept the ESF’s commitment to focus on the EU as a whole (59%), rather than only on the poorer regions (27%); ♦ Are now more likely to have heard of the ESF (40%) than a year ago (33%). However, very few Europeans actually know what the ESF does (13%).
A special Eurobarometer on EU-Africa relations published ahead of the EU-Africa Summit in Libya on 29/30 November shows that European citizens broadly agree with the focus of cooperation between the two partners. For Europeans, the main challenges for cooperation are to tackle poverty (38%), peace and security (34%), and human rights (33%). This focus is consistent with the primary EU development policy goal of eradicating poverty, as laid out in the Lisbon Treaty and reflected in the Commission's recent Green Paper on “EU Development Policy in Support of Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development”.
The Eurobarometer survey on perceptions of risk associated with food by consumers was commissioned by EFSA. This is the second such research conducted over a period of 5 years. The objectives of this survey were to understand the concerns of consumers regarding food and risks to the food chain and determine the level of trust consumers place in the public authorities as regards issues related to Food Safety. Here are some highlights of the report's findings: Most Europeans associate food and eating with pleasure. Consumers concerned about potential risks associated with food are more likely to worry about chemical contamination of food for bacterial contamination or issues related to health or nutrition. Most Europeans trust the national agencies and European Food Safety Authority as sources of information about possible risks associated with food.
This section of the website gives you access to the search tool for our Trends questions database. Trends questions are asked several times a year and they allow us to measure the evolution of European public opinion. This search tool gives you an overview of these trends in the form of graphs. The system allows you to choose a subject, a particular period of time, the country which interests you and then compare these results with any other European Union country. You can also export these results under different formats allowing you to easily create your own documents. The data can be displayed as a graph, a pie chart, in an excel table or in columns. Survey results can also be displayed on a map of the EU.
The survey results demonstrate the following points: • Feelings of belonging to the Union and of European citizenship are rising overall. These sentiments are tending to increase in the countries which joined the EU in 2004, and to decline slightly elsewhere. • Confidence in the European institutions has increased slightly, most significantly in the countries which most recently joined the EU. • A major reason for voting: civic duty, rather than any desire to indicate support for the EU. • A principal reason for not voting: to express a lack of confidence in politics generally, rather than to indicate distrust in the EU.
This survey on life sciences and biotechnology shows that Europeans are optimistic about biotechnology. 53% of respondents believe biotechnology will have a positive effect in the future, and only 20% a negative effect. The survey also reveals important knowledge gaps, pointing to a need for more communication: a majority of respondents had never heard of some of the areas covered by the survey, such as nanotechnology (55% unaware), biobanks (67% unaware) and synthetic biology (83% unaware). The Eurobarometer, carried out in February 2010, is the seventh in a series since 1991.
Two-thirds of Europeans think that the EU has benefited a lot from international trade. As for their individual experience, more people think that they are personally benefiting from trade today than disagree. Half of Europeans are aware of the origin of the products and services they purchase. This awareness is higher for some items (62% for food) than for others (44% for high-tech services such as a mobile phone provider). A relative majority of Europeans thought that the EU was the biggest world player in international trade. Nearly two thirds of respondents thought that European products and services can compete well with those from outside the EU. More than six in ten Europeans on average believe that the priority for future EU trade policy should be to create employment.
A majority of seven out of 10 citizens of the euro-area countries believed that having the euro was a good thing for Europe. A clear majority of respondents felt comfortable with handling the euro. 91% found it very easy or rather easy to distinguish or handle euro banknotes and 75% said so about euro coins. There is a continuing misperception of the inflationary effect of the euro – citizens in the euro area (except Slovakia) had a predominant perception that the euro increased the inflation rate in their country. However, there was a significant decrease of 10 percentage points in this perception compared to 2008. Citizens in the four Member States that recently joined the euro area reported an increase in prices during the changeover. People in the euro area acknowledged that consequences of the ageing of populations would need to be taken into account when devising economic policy. Despite the economic slowdown, respondents in the euro area seemed to have and to expect to retain a rather stable personal (or household) income.
Although the majority of EU citizens claim familiarity with the term “citizen of the European Union”, only 43% say they know its meaning and less than one-third of respondents from the 27 EU countries consider themselves well informed about their rights as citizens of the European Union. There is hardly any confusion as to how European Union citizenship can be “obtained”. Respondents were most familiar with their residence rights as EU citizens. Roughly 7 in 10 were aware of their newly established right to participate in a Citizens initiative, a request signed by at least 1 million EU citizens inviting the European Commission to propose a new policy measure. The knowledge about the right to obtain consular help or protection while being abroad from other Member States embassies remained virtually unchanged compared to the previous study in 2007.
The current Flash Eurobarometer study detected a remarkable shift in perceptions regarding electoral rights of EU citizens resident in other EU member states. However, while awareness has increased, it is not necessarily precise. The proportion of those who believe that EU citizens resident in another member state are also entitled to vote in national elections has increased, too. A hypothetical extension of the non-domestic electoral rights of EU citizens would include their ability to vote and to stand as candidates in national and regional elections elsewhere in the EU where they permanently reside. Citizens were rather ambivalent regarding these proposals. Citizens once again confirmed that a clearer vision of the EU’s role in their lives and better information on programmes, candidates and the elections themselves could boost their motivation to vote.
This study allows to draw three overall conclusions which provide a context for the more detailed findings : • The right to free movement that EU citizens enjoy has been fully internalised by the people who are taking advantage of this right. This right is mostly ‘taken for granted’ which affects how respondents see themselves as citizens of the EU; how they plan their moves (often at very short notice, paying attention to administrative aspects of the move only after arrival in the new Member State); and what their expectations are of their rights in other EU Member States. • More than half of the respondents had experienced some form of administrative difficulty after arriving in their new Member State. The main issues that people encountered were the length of administrative procedures and a lack of clarity about what is required from citizens moving to another EU Member State. • EU citizenship is seen to broadly imply having similar rights and obligations in each Member State and as virtually synonymous with freedom of movement between Member States. The rights to mobility (freedom of movement), working and studying in any Member State are clearly implicitly assumed as fundamental rights by EU citizens.
More and more Europeans are working, studying or living in Member states other than that of their citizenship. As a consequence the likehood of citizens being involved in disputes in the area of civil justice in another Member State is increased. According to a the new Eurobarometer survey in the civil justice area, 3 out of 4 Europeans (73%) want further action to help them resolve such kind of disputes and expressed the view that this is the EU's responsibility
EU citizens largely share the objectives and values of competition policy. From DG Competitions' present priority sectors, citizen identified energy with 44%, the pharmaceutical products with 25% and telecommunication with 21% as those main sectors where they perceive competition problems. The major indication for the lack of competition was that prices were felt to be too high. The survey revealed interesting differences across the Member States in the level of existing knowledge and general interest towards competition policy. The survey also gives detailed information about the perceptions across socio-economic groups. This information as well as feedback from citizens about what competition policy topics they prefer to be further informed, will allow DG Competition – together with the EU Member States' national competition authorities – a better targeted communication policy.
Professional stakeholders acknowledge DG Competition's integrity and analytical ability. They consider case teams professional, committed and open to discussion. There was a broad consensus about an improvement in analytical capability since the establishment of the Chief Economist Team in 2003. Most respondents considered DG Competitions' current sectoral priorities as broadly appropriate and its enforcement activities generally beneficial for competitiveness on the markets. Respondents requested more structured and focussed communication with parties during all phases of investigations. In order to improve the economic impact of cases, professional stakeholders called for faster case handling especially for antitrust cases. However stakeholders showed sympathy towards the constraints DG Competition is faced with, for example, the trade-off between time and quality of actions in complex cases and the need for – sometimes burdening - information requests during investigations; respondents did suggest that DG Competition took steps to ease this burden.
Roughly a third of EU citizens said they had heard about EU co-financed projects to improve their local area; of those “aware” citizens, three-quarters felt that the EU’s support had had a positive impact on development in their city or region. A large majority of EU citizens accepted that the Union’s regional policy served as a tool to reduce the gap between development levels of the various regions in the EU. When asked where EU regional support should be targeted, 75% of respondents said that it should go to regions with high unemployment. Educational, health and social infrastructure, and environmental issues, were regarded as being among the most important policy areas by almost all respondents. After these two policy areas, just over 8 in 10 EU citizens considered support for small businesses and employment training as important policy sectors.
Girls and boys aged 15-17 from all 27 EU Member States discussed children's rights: What obstacles do children face in exercising their rights? Who do they trust? What actions would they like to see from adults around them and from policy makers? What are the good things and the bad things about being a child in 2010? The participants in the study expect to see more confidence in them, greater respect for their views and to be involved more in decisions. They also want more support for children in the most vulnerable situations, they want to see existing laws implemented to provide greater protection, and they expect to see more communication about children’s rights. Children are ready to take on responsibilities, but also relish the opportunity to be children and have a care-free childhood.
Europeans are becoming increasingly "digital" according to a European Commission Eurobarometer survey which questioned 27,000 households throughout the EU on their use of internet, telephones and TV. More Europeans are subscribing to broadband internet and digital television in fixed-cost bundled 'packages'. Increased broadband take-up means even more Europeans are going online with 35% now using social networking websites. However, they have concerns about cost, quality of service and security, as well as online freedom. One fifth of fixed and mobile internet users reveal that they have experienced problems with blocked content and applications. The Commission's May 2010 Digital Agenda for Europe not only sets ambitious targets to bring broadband internet to all of Europe's citizens but also outlines measures to boost competition, trust and security.
A poll released to mark World Mental Health Day reveals that during the 12 months preceding the survey, 15% of respondents across EU Member States sought professional help for psychological or emotional problems and 7% took antidepressants, mostly for depression or anxiety. According to the results, there is still stigma attached to mental disorders, with 22% of those surveyed saying they would find it difficult to speak to a person with a "significant mental disorder". This issue and the other results will be discussed during the next thematic conference under the European Pact for Mental Health and Well-being.
This survey shows a greater awareness of domestic violence and desire for tougher action to clamp down on it. Only 2% of Europeans are unaware of domestic violence. The survey showed that one European in four knows a woman among friends and family who is a victim of domestic violence. One in five of the EU citizens surveyed said they know someone who commits domestic violence in their circle of friends and family. 87% of those surveyed believed that the EU should be involved in the fight against domestic violence. The survey follows on from a previous Eurobarometer survey conducted in 1999 in the 15 Member States, which comprised the EU at the time, and hence for these countries offers a comparative analysis of the results of the two surveys.
European citizens continue to show resolute support to aid provided to developing countries. One week before the UN High Level Meeting on the Millennium Development Goals, the survey shows that 89% of respondents consider development aid is important or very important. Two in three Europeans believe that the EU should honor, or even improve, on its promises to increase development aid to 0.7% of GNI by 2015, the deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goal. This support, shared by a vast majority of citizens regardless of the nationality, has remained consistently high despite the financial crisis and the economic situation in Europe. In this context, three quarters (76%) of Europeans believe that there is added value in EU countries working together which contributes to avoid duplication and ensure aid effectiveness.
This wave of the Standard Eurobarometer was carried out from 5 to 28 May 2010. Since the beginning of the financial and economic crisis in September 2008, the Eurobarometer has registered significant shifts in European public opinion, with this crisis being the main driver of Europeans’ perceptions and opinions.
A special Eurobarometer survey on humanitarian aid reveals a high level of solidarity among EU citizens with victims of conflict and natural disasters outside the Union. Eight out of ten citizens (79%) think it is important that the EU funds humanitarian aid outside its borders. However, the financial and economic crisis has taken its toll as the approval rate dropped 9% from 88% in 2006 when the last survey was carried out. There is a clear link between this decrease and the individual financial situation of citizens, those who have problems paying their bills expressed less support. An overall majority of EU citizens (58%), and a relative majority in all Member States, think that humanitarian aid is more efficient when provided by the EU through the European Commission. Around one quarter (24%) prefers relief funds to be channelled through Member States.
Across non-euro area new Member States (the NMS8), a majority of citizens did not feel well informed about the euro. A majority of citizens lacking proper information about the euro would like to be informed as soon as possible or at least a few years before the introduction of the euro. More than three-quarters of respondents said they would trust information relating to a changeover to the euro provided by their national central bank and 71% said the same about information from the European institutions. A relative majority would like to see the euro introduced in the medium term. About one-third opted for as late as possible, while roughly a quarter wanted the changeover to happen as soon as possible. Although this survey was conducted at a time when the stability of the euro was being heavily debated, the current results only showed a slight deterioration in NMS8 citizens’ support for the introduction of the euro in their countries. An overwhelming majority agreed with statements suggesting that travelling and shopping in the euro area would become easier when their country joined the common currency.
Europeans are calling on Member States to boost their efforts to improve road safety. Nine out of ten Europeans (94%) considered driving under the influence of alcohol to be the most significant road safety problem, while eight out of ten (78%) called speeding a major safety problem. A majority of respondents (52%) said Member States should focus on improving road infrastructure as a first or second priority, while 42% said the same for improving the enforcement of traffic laws and 36% for dealing equally forcefully with resident and foreign traffic offenders.
Since its implementation, the free movement of people and labour has become a symbol for European integration. A 2005 Eurobarometer already showed that Europeans consider the free movement of people, goods and services within the EU as the most positive result of European integration. The current survey reinforces this result, finding that six out of ten Europeans believe mobility is good for European integration. Moreover, half say that geographic mobility is good for the labour market and almost half say that it is a good thing for the individual.
Over the last decade, not only has the issue of the potential health effects of electromagnetic fields stubbornly remained of concern to a persistent share of the public, but the explosion of mobile telephony and of other wireless technologies has increased its visibility. Remaining scientific uncertainty has provided a fertile ground for controversy and has turned this issue into an attractive field for the media. Today, concerned citizens and MEPs are still calling weekly on the Commission to answer on their worries. To address these issues, the Commission has embarked on an action plan aiming at advancing scientific understanding, building trust and developing its policy.
One European in six reports a constant struggle to pay household bills and three quarters believe that poverty has increased in their country over the past year. These are the key results from a new Eurobarometer survey on social impacts of the crisis, presented by the EU Commission today. The survey, carried out in May 2010, marks the halfway mark of the 2010 European Year against poverty and comes after EU leaders agreed on 17 June to lift 20 million Europeans out of poverty and social exclusion over the next decade.
The survey shows that the impact of the financial crisis has levelled off in most EU Member States. For example, the proportion of citizens saying they are having serious financial problems remains constant at the EU level and in most of the individual countries. Compared to the previous wave in December 2009, a similar number of citizens (23%) feel that their household situation will deteriorate in the next 12 months. The most pessimism is seen in Greece; this could also be due to the country being under intense economic and media pressure at the time of the survey. Overall, the crisis has had the most impact in southern and eastern European countries. Citizens in the Nordic countries remain optimistic about both the present situation and future economic developments.
According to a new Eurobarometer report published today, nearly 80% of Europeans say they are interested in scientific discoveries and technological developments, compared to 65% interested in sport. Over 70% of Europeans want to see the expansion of EU-funded research in the future. But only 10% consider themselves well-informed about science, nearly 60% think scientists should put more effort into communicating about their work and 65% believe governments should do more to interest young people in scientific issues. Europeans overwhelmingly recognise the benefits and importance of science but many also express fears over risks from new technologies, the power that knowledge gives to scientists and human rights issues linked to science.
Europeans are equally willing to donate their organs after death as they were 3 years ago. 40% of Europeans have already raised the issue of organ donation and transplantation with their families. These are the main findings of this Special Eurobarometer survey on organ donation and transplantation, which was performed in October 2009.
37% of European citizens have already given blood. This indicates a 6% increase since the last Eurobarometer survey that was conducted in 2002 in EU-15. Furthermore, the majority of Europeans (57%) think that the safety of transfusions has improved over the past 10 years. These are the main findings of this Special Eurobarometer survey on donation and transfusion of blood which was performed in October 2009.
The European Commission’s Directorate-General “Enterprise and Industry” has been studying, for the past 10 years, the development of entrepreneurship in EU Member States, and has compared European opinions with those outside of Europe, especially in the US. Flash Eurobarometer No283 “Entrepreneurship in the EU and beyond” covers topics such as the development of entrepreneurship, how entrepreneurial mindsets are being fuelled and what encourages people to become entrepreneurs. It provides data about public attitudes on issues such as entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial education, risk-taking, start-ups, obstacles to entrepreneurship and business failures.
This survey is the latest in a series of surveys to measure EU citizen's behaviours and attitudes towards tobacco. For over 20 years EU legislation and policy has been developed with the intention of encouraging tobacco smokers to quit, preventing tobacco initiation and protecting citizens from second-hand tobacco smoke. Despite the progress achieved, almost a third of European citizens smoke, with an average of 14.4 cigarettes smoked per day. Most citizens surveyed are in favour of a variety of tobacco-control policies.
This report is looking at how citizens view the quality of life in 75 major European cities. In these challenging economic times, availability of jobs and housing costs remain dominant concerns. Although responses reveal wide disparities overall, the level of service for transport, heath and education generally scores well. The wealth of information provided by the survey is not only useful for city planners and decision-makers, but also for citizens who would like to know which cities are seen as good places to live.
The Eurobarometer survey shows that an overwhelming majority of Europeans would find it useful to have European legislation on radioactive waste management. The concern for the safety risk related to radioactive waste is shared both in countries with nuclear power plants and those with no nuclear energy.
Alcohol consumption in the EU is at a similar level to four years ago. Binge drinking (five drinks or more on any one occasion) affects all ages but young people aged 15-24 years are the most likely to binge drink every week. This puts them at a greater risk of adverse effects related to intoxication. Those aged 55 years or more are far more likely than young people to drink daily. This could lead to an increased risk of chronic diseases in an ageing population. The majority of Europeans consider driving under the influence of alcohol to be risky but 14% would drive after more than two drinks in two hours. Such an amount would result in a blood alcohol concentration above the legal limit in most EU countries. Awareness of specific health risks varies. There is high awareness that harmful alcohol consumption is linked to liver diseases but low awareness that it also causes cancer. There is wide support for specific measures to reduce alcohol-related harm.
Eurobarometer on patient safety :almost 50% of all Europeans responding to a Eurobarometer survey on patient safety fear they could be harmed by healthcare. According to the report, over 25% of those surveyed claimed that they or a member of their family had experienced harm (an adverse event) in a healthcare setting. Many of these events go unreported and one third of respondents did not know which organisation was responsible for patient safety in their country. Action to improve patient safety at European level was stepped up last year through better EU coordination, more reporting of incidents, increased patient involvement and training of staff.
The reports demonstrate the need for further progress in the European Union on the issue of anti microbial resistance. The first is a pan-European survey which reveals some worrying trends in public attitudes towards the use of antibiotics. The second document is a progress report, adopted today, on the 2002 Council Recommendation on the prudent use of antibiotics. The report shows that good progress has been made - for example most Member States now have in place systems to monitor antimicrobial resistance and use of antibiotics – and stresses the importance of maintaining efforts to raise awareness amongst healthcare professionals and the public.
European citizens broadly support the new aims of agricultural policy as conducted at European Union level and a majority are in favour of maintaining its budget. This is one of the main findings of a survey of people's attitudes to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Following two similar, recent polls carried out in 2006 and 2007, this latest survey confirms that the guiding principles and aims of the CAP are supported by a majority of people.
40% of EU citizens play sport at least once a week and 65% engage in some form of physical exercise. But 25% are almost completely inactive, according to a special Eurobarometer Survey on Sport and Physical Activity published by the European Commission today. Ireland and the Nordic countries take sport most seriously, with 23% of Irish citizens practising sport 5 times a week or more, while Sweden, Finland and Denmark score the highest ratings for exercising ‘regularly’ or ‘with some regularity’ (once a week or more). At the other end of the scale, only 3% of citizens in Bulgaria, Greece and Italy say they play sport regularly. Men in the EU play more sport and also exercise more than women. The disparity is particularly marked in the 15-24 age group. The survey also finds a correlation between socio-economic status and physical activity. 64% of people who left school by the age of 15 say they never play sport, while this rate falls to 24% for those who left education after 20.
New research shows more must be done to increase the awareness of biodiversity issue in Europe. The research shows that most Europeans do not feel well informed about biodiversity. The new "Attitudes towards biodiversity" survey reveals that only 38% of Europeans know the meaning of the term, although another 28% have heard of it but do not know its meaning. A majority feel that biodiversity loss is a serious issue, although they do not think they will be personally affected by the decline, with only 17% of respondents agreeing that they are already touched by it. When asked about the most important threats to biodiversity, 27% prioritised pollution, with 26% blaming man-made disasters. The main reason cited by citizens for their lack of actions to stop biodiversity loss was low awareness of what can be done. This is why a new EU-wide campaign, which coincides with the UN's designation of 2010 as the Year of Biodiversity, is being launched. The main thrust of the campaign will be to show citizens the real implications these losses will have in their daily lives, with a focus on actions citizens can take to prevent such losses.
The spring Consumer Markets Scoreboard reveals that EU consumers are still not reaping the full benefits of the internal market due to barriers to cross-border commerce. There is a growing gap between cross-border and domestic e-commerce. The national conditions for consumers – measured e.g. by consumer trust in consumer authorities and NGOs, and the effectiveness of handling disputes – have declined in many countries. Some Member States have improved their scores notwithstanding the difficult economic period. The ability of consumers to afford goods and services varies greatly from one country to another: in six countries, affordability is less than half the EU average. Life in the richer EU countries is more affordable for consumers, despite higher price levels. The Commission is working to tackle existing barriers, based on a catalogue of measures, including simplifying rules for retailers.
This survey is a follow-up to the July 2009 survey on the social impact of the global economic crisis. The results were more positive, with a high percentage of respondents feeling confident they would keep their jobs, and over half thinking the financial situation would be stable or improve in the next 12 months. Nevertheless, more than half felt poverty had increased at local, national and EU levels, and a fifth of those surveyed had difficulties keeping up with household bills. Regarding pensions, a large proportion thought they would have to save more, would receive lower pensions, or would have to retire later than planned.
Some 80% of Europeans continue to travel for their holidays according to a new Eurobarometer survey on ‘The attitudes of Europeans towards tourism 2010’. Only 20% of over 30,000 randomly selected citizens were almost certain that they will not travel in 2010, which is significantly below the proportion of non-travellers in 2009 (33%). EU citizens increasingly prefer to spend their holidays in traditional tourist destinations (57%), while 28% would rather go “off the beaten track” to emerging destinations. Tourism is one of Europe's most important service industries, accounting for 5% of Europe's GDP and 6% of employment.
The European Commission plans to use a series of measures aimed at significantly reducing the pay gap between men and women over the next five years. The average gender pay gap in the EU currently stands at 18%. The Commission plans to raise awareness among employers, encourage initiatives to promote gender equality and support the development of tools to measure the gender pay gap.
The pandemic H1N1 2009 is a global outbreak of a new strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1, colloquially known as swine flu, Mexican influenza or influenza A. The Flash survey covered the following issues: The intention to get vaccinated; Awareness ; Worries and beliefs ; Level of information ; Trust in sources of information ; Pandemic H1N1 2009 in the media ; Measures against pandemic H1N1 2009; Opinions about the vaccination against H1N1 influenza
After the previous wave of the Eurobarometer (EB71, Spring 2009), marked by historically low levels in the assessment of the economic situation and expectations for future, short-term analysis of this wave suggests that European public opinion is today a positive development: indeed, when the first signs of economic recovery are announced after many difficult months, the Eurobarometer survey reveals a marked improvement in the climate, although the scars of the crisis are not deleted
The state of Europeans' oral health appears to vary considerably across the European Union. A firm majority of Europeans, however, claim to have no particular problems related to the condition of their teeth.
This most recent Flash survey confirms that there has been a slight increase in Europeans' awareness of the single emergency number 112 over the past 3 years. Currently a quarter of citizens now are aware of its existence. The usefulness of having such a unique number across the European Union remains virtually unquestioned.
In most European countries, a strong majority of respondents report a relatively high degree of satisfaction with their personal situation. They are, however, much less satisfied with matters such as the cost of living, the economic climate and employment.
Poverty is seen as a widespread phenomenon by nearly three quarters of Europeans. A vast majority also thinks that poverty has increased in their countries over the last three years. High levels of unemployment and low salaries are seen as main factors causing poverty in society.


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Last update: 18/12/2014 | Top