In 2016, transport (including aviation and shipping) contributed 27% of the EU's total emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), the main greenhouse gas, and were still more than 26% above 1990 levels. Road transport was responsible for almost 72% of those transport emissions.
Light-duty vehicles – cars and vans – produce around 15% of the EU's emissions of CO2.
EU legislation sets binding emission targets for new car and van fleets.
In November 2017, the Commission presented a legislative proposal setting new CO2 emission standards for cars and vans for the period after 2020, on which a provisional agreement was found by the European Parliament and the Council in December 2018.
To help drivers choose new cars with low fuel consumption, EU legislation requires Member States to ensure that relevant information is provided to consumers, including a label showing a car's fuel efficiency and CO2 emissions.
Heavy-duty vehicles – trucks and buses – are responsible for about a quarter of CO2 emissions from road transport in the EU and for some 6% of total EU emissions.
Despite some improvements in fuel consumption efficiency in recent years, these emissions are still rising, mainly due to increasing road freight traffic.
In May 2018, the Commission adopted a legislative proposal setting the first ever CO2 emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles in the EU, on which a provisional agreement was found by the European Parliament and the Council in February 2019.
Fuel quality is an important element in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport. EU legislation requires the greenhouse gas intensity of vehicle fuels to be cut by up to 10% by 2020.
The information and views set out in the reports and studies published below are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the Commission. The Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in these reports and studies. Neither the Commission nor any person acting on the Commission’s behalf may be held responsible for the use which may be made of the information contained therein.
Data gathering and analysis to improve understanding of the second hand car and LCV markets and implications for cost effectiveness and social equity of LDV CO2 regulations
Evaluation of Light Duty Vehicle CO2 emission Regulations
|2013||Consideration of alternative approaches to regulating CO2 emissions from light duty road vehicles for the period after 2020|
Analysis of the influence of metrics for future CO2 legislation for Light Duty Vehicles on deployment of technologies and GHG abatement costs
|2011||Impacts of electric vehicles - Summary Report|
An overview of Electric Vehicles on the market and in development
Assessment of electric vehicle and battery technogy
Assessment of the future elecricity sector
Economic analysis and business models
Impact analysis for market uptake scenarios and policy implications
|2011||Uncertainty/Sensitivity analysis of the transport model TREMOVE|
|2011||JRC Report: Analyzing on-road emissions of light-duty vehicles with Portable Emission Measurement Systems (PEMS) - Corrigendum|
|2010||Graphical User Interface for the European Transport Model TREMOVE|
|2010||Update and further development of transport model TREMOVE|
|2007||JRC Report: Mobile Measurement of Pollutant Emissions and Fuel Consumption of Road Vehicles In Real-World Driving Situations Using Portable Emission Measurement Systems (PEMS)|
|2005||Service contract to carry out economic analysis and business impact assessment of CO2 emission reduction measures in the automotive sector: Final Report and Annexes)|