The EU is on track to meet its emissions reduction target for 2020 and is putting in place legislation to achieve its 2030 target.
In 2015, the EU was responsible for around 10% of world greenhouse gas emissions. The EU is one of the major economies with the lowest per capita emissions.
The EU is on track to meet the 20% target for 2020.
The 2020 target excludes emissions from the land sector but includes emissions from international aviation.
Robust policies at EU and country level and the uptake of low-carbon technologies have contributed to the cuts achieved.
Evaluations confirm that innovation, including progress on renewable energy and energy efficiency, has been the main driver behind the emission reductions in recent years, while the shift between economic sectors has had a marginal effect.
The EU and its Member States have met their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period. Also, the EU is on track to meet its targets under the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.
The Kyoto targets are different from the EU's own 2020 targets – they:
Every year, the Commission publishes its climate action progress report. It also reports regularly to the UN.