The EU is on track to meet its emissions reduction target for 2020 and has put in place legislation to achieve its 2030 climate and energy targets. On this basis, Member States are making plans to achieve their 2030 targets.
The EU is on track to meet the 20% emissions reduction target for 2020.
The effective implementation of all climate, energy and mobility targets laid down in Union law could lead to EU greenhouse gas reductions up to around 45% in 2030 compared to 1990. However, Member States need to further accelerate implementation to achieve the 2030 targets.
Emissions from most sectors not included in the EU ETS, such as transport, buildings, agriculture (non-CO2-emissions) and waste, are covered by the EU effort sharing legislation.
The EU as a whole is expected to overachieve its 2020 target and to remain well below the aggregated emission limits set under the Effort Sharing Decision for the period 2013-2020.
However, Malta, Germany, Ireland and Austria may end up with levels of emissions higher than their limits over the period 2013-2020, according to their national projections. In this case, they will need to use flexibility mechanisms, for example, transfers of emission allocations from other Member States to comply with their legal obligations.
Member States are also planning how to achieve their 2030 effort sharing targets. If policies as planned in the draft national energy and climate plans are implemented, the EU could reduce emissions from the sectors covered under the effort sharing legislation by more than 25% by 2030, as compared to 2005.
This is clear progress as compared with existing policies, which would reduce emissions by around 20% by 2030. However, to achieve the 2030 EU emissions reduction target of 30% for the effort sharing sectors, Member States will need to identify and implement additional measures.
The EU and its Member States have met their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period. The EU is also on track to meet its targets under the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.
The Kyoto targets are different from the EU's own 2020 targets – they:
Every year, the Commission publishes its climate action progress report. It also reports regularly to the UN.
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For previous reports and additional documents, see documentation on Emissions monitoring & reporting.