To help the EU reach its 2030 climate and energy targets, the Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union sets common rules for planning, reporting and monitoring. The Regulation also ensures that EU planning and reporting are synchronised with the ambition cycles under the Paris Agreement.
The plans cover the five dimensions of the Energy Union:
Member States will need to update their national energy and climate plans by the end of June 2023 in a draft form and by 30 June 2024 in a final form in order to reflect an increased ambition.
Until then, Member States can adapt national policies and measures at any time, provided such changes are included in the biennial integrated national energy and climate progress reports to the Commission.
Member States are also required to develop national long-term strategies and ensure consistency between these strategies and their national energy and climate plans.
It also lays down a monitoring mechanism for greenhouse gas emissions and other climate information so that the EU will be able to comply with its reporting obligations under the UNFCCC and Paris Agreement.
The Commission monitors the progress of the EU as a whole, in particular as part of the annual State of the Energy Union report.
Member States will report on the progress made in implementing their energy and climate policies, including their national energy and climate plans, for the first time in March 2023.