2030 climate & energy framework


The 2030 climate and energy framework includes EU-wide targets and policy objectives for the period from 2021 to 2030.

Key targets for 2030:

  • At least 40% cuts in greenhouse gas emissions (from 1990 levels)
  • At least 32% share for renewable energy
  • At least 32.5% improvement in energy efficiency

The framework was adopted by the European Council in October 2014. The targets for renewables and energy efficiency were revised upwards in 2018.

Greenhouse gas emissions – a cut of at least 40%  

A binding target to cut emissions in the EU by at least 40% below 1990 levels by 2030.

This will enable the EU to move towards a low-carbon economy and implement its commitments under the Paris Agreement.

To achieve the target:

Renewables – increasing to at least 32% share

A binding renewable energy target for the EU for 2030 of at least 32% of final energy consumption, including a review clause by 2023 for an upward revision of the EU level target.

The original target of at least 27% was revised upwards in 2018.

Energy efficiency – increasing by at least 32.5%

A headline target of at least 32.5% for energy efficiency to be achieved collectively by the EU in 2030, with an upward revision clause by 2023.

The original target of at least 27% was revised upwards in 2018.

Governance system

A transparent and dynamic governance process will help deliver the objectives of the Energy Union, including the 2030 climate and energy targets, in an efficient and coherent manner.

The EU has adopted integrated monitoring and reporting rules to ensure progress towards the 2030 climate and energy targets and its international commitments under the Paris Agreement.

Based on the better regulation principles, the governance process involves consultations with citizens and stakeholders.

National Energy and Climate Plans

Member States are obliged to adopt integrated National Climate and Energy Plans (NECPs) for the period 2021-2030. Member States had to submit their draft plans by the end of 2018. The final plans must be submitted by the end of 2019.

National long-term strategies

Under the governance system, Member States countries are also required to develop national long-term strategies by 1 January 2020, and ensure consistency between their long-term-strategies and NECPs.


A joined-up approach for the period up to 2030 helps ensure regulatory certainty for investors and coordinate EU countries' efforts.

The framework helps drive progress towards a low-carbon economy and build an energy system that

  • ensures affordable energy for all consumers,
  • increases the security of the EU's energy supplies,
  • reduces our dependence on energy imports,
  • creates new opportunities for growth and jobs and
  •  brings environmental and health benefits – e.g. through reduced air pollution

European Council conclusions

Communication and other documents

Green Paper

Other documents