Climate Action

2030 climate & energy framework


Greenhouse gas emissions - raising the ambition

As part of the European Green Deal, the Commission proposed in September 2020 to raise the 2030 greenhouse gas emission reduction target, including emissions and removals, to at least 55% compared to 1990. It looked at the actions required across all sectors, including increased energy efficiency and renewable energy, and it starts the process of making detailed legislative proposals by June 2021 to implement and achieve the increased ambition.

This will enable the EU to move towards a climate-neutral economy and implement its commitments under the Paris Agreement by updating its Nationally Determined Contribution.

The 2030 climate and energy framework includes EU-wide targets and policy objectives for the period from 2021 to 2030.

2030 Climate and Energy Framework - existing ambition

Key targets for 2030:

The 40% greenhouse gas target is implemented by the EU Emissions Trading System, the Effort Sharing Regulation with Member States' emissions reduction targets and the Land use, land use change and forestry Regulation. In this way, all sectors will contribute to the achievement of the 40% target by both, reducing emissions and increasing removals.

All three pieces of climate legislation will now be updated with a view to implement the proposed at least 55% net greenhouse gas emissions reduction target. The Commission will come forward with the proposals by June 2021.

Governance system

A transparent and dynamic governance process will help deliver on the 2030 climate and energy targets in an efficient and coherent manner.

The EU has adopted integrated monitoring and reporting rules to ensure progress towards its 2030 climate and energy targets and its international commitments under the Paris Agreement.

Based on the better regulation principles, the governance process involves consultations with citizens and stakeholders.

National energy and climate plans

Under the governance system, Member States are required to adopt integrated national energy and climate plans (NECPs) for the period 2021-2030. Member States had to submit their draft plans by the end of 2018 and final plans by the end of 2019.

National long-term strategies

Under the governance system, Member States are required to develop national long-term strategies and ensure consistency between these strategies and their NECPs.


A joined-up approach for the period up to 2030 helps ensure regulatory certainty for investors and coordinate EU countries' efforts.

The framework helps drive progress towards a climate-neutral economy and build an energy system that:

  • ensures affordable energy for all consumers;
  • increases the security of the EU's energy supplies;
  • reduces our dependence on energy imports;
  • creates new opportunities for sustainable growth and green jobs, and
  • brings environmental and health benefits – e.g. through reduced air pollution.

European Council conclusions

Communication and other documents

Green Paper

Other documents