To help achieve its climate goals, the EU has decided to integrate, or mainstream, climate action into its whole budget.
In its communication of 2 May 2018, the Commission proposes to build on the positive experience with climate mainstreaming and further strengthen climate action in the next EU long-term budget.
|“More broadly, in line with the Paris Agreement and the commitment to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, the Commission proposes to set a more ambitious goal for climate mainstreaming across all EU programmes, with a target of 25% of EU expenditure contributing to climate objectives.”|
20% of the Multiannual Financial Framework
25% of the Multiannual Financial Framework
This increase in ambition is supported by Commission proposals to strengthen climate action in key areas, such as agriculture and rural development and external action, and increase dedicated funding for climate action under the LIFE programme.
The Commission published its proposals for individual funding programmes in May and June.
The EU has agreed to make at least 20% of EU expenditure climate-related in 2014-2020.
Climate change mitigation and adaptation has been integrated into all major EU spending programmes. Programmes under cohesion policy, agriculture, research and innovation and the Connecting Europe Facility currently account for more than 90% of EU climate-related spending.
Mid-term reviews and other evaluations of individual programmes take stock of the progress made and opportunities to further strengthen climate action.
The EU is broadly on track towards the 20% target, but further efforts are needed. Based on the current trend, the climate-related spending under the 2014-2020 budget is projected to amount to 200 billion or 18.8% of the EU operational spending commitments.
|(EUR million, commitment appropriations)|
|Programme||2014-2017||2018-2020 estimates||Total 2014-2020|
|Total EU Budget||118.054,4||158.606,8||151.498,4||154.507,1||156.623,4||160.553,9||164.880,1||1.064.724,0|
|Climate Change finance||16.098,3||27.451,8||31.738,1||29.792,9||30.481,2||31.956,0||32.606,7||200.124,8|
|Share of climate||13,6%||17,3%||20,9%||19,3%||19,5%||19,9%||19,8%||18,8%|
Financing commitments are tracked and reported under the annual budget procedure.
The tracking is done using EU climate markers, which adapted from the ‘Rio markers’ developed by the OECD to provide quantified financial data for tracking development assistance.
The markers reflect the specific features of each policy area and assign a weighting to activities based on their contribution towards climate objectives: significant (100%), moderate (40%) or insignificant (0%). The assessment is based on the programme statements in the context of the annual budget procedure.
The Commission considers a wide range of inputs when preparing its proposals for the next EU budget.
On climate mainstreaming, that includes: