In 2013, the European Commission adopted an EU strategy on adaptation to climate change, welcomed by the EU Member States. The strategy aims to make Europe more climate-resilient. By taking a coherent approach and providing for improved coordination, it aims to enhance the preparedness and capacity of all governance levels to respond to the impacts of climate change.
The EU Adaptation Strategy focuses on three key objectives:
The Commission published an evaluation of the strategy in November 2018.
The evaluation was accompanied by a public consultation from December 2017 to March 2018 (page available in most EU languages).
The evaluation shows that the strategy has delivered on its objectives, with progress recorded against each of its eight individual actions. The report, nevertheless, outlines how Europe is still vulnerable to climate impacts within and outside its borders.
Since 2013 it has become clearer that international climate action, as enshrined in the 2015 Paris Agreement, must acknowledge and tackle ongoing and projected impacts at 1.5ºC or 2ºC global warming levels.
Adaptation can and should be a powerful ally of sustainable development and disaster risk reduction efforts. EU policy must seek to create synergies between the three policies to avoid future damage and provide for long-term economic and social welfare in Europe and in partner countries.
The strategy has been a reference point to prepare Europe for the climate impacts to come, at all levels. The Commission will continue working towards its objectives.
The evaluation also suggests areas where more work needs to be done to prepare vulnerable regions and sectors.
The November 2018 evaluation package contains:
|Austria, Summary||Germany, Summary||Poland, Summary|
|Belgium, Summary||Greece, Summary||Portugal, Summary|
|Bulgaria, Summary||Hungary, Summary||Romania, Summary|
|Croatia, Summary||Ireland, Summary||Slovakia, Summary|
|Cyprus, Summary||Italy, Summary||Slovenia, Summary|
|Czech Republic, Summary||Latvia, Summary||Spain, Summary|
|Denmark, Summary||Lithuania, Summary||Sweden, Summary|
|Estonia, Summary||Luxembourg, Summary||United Kingdom, Summary|
|Finland, Summary||Malta, Summary|
|France, Summary||The Netherlands, Summary|