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Proceedings of fifth international conference on alternatives to methyl bromide

Proceedings of fifth international conference on alternatives to methyl bromide
27/09/2004 - 30/09/2004
Conference logo

Conference logo

LISBON, PORTUGAL, 27-30 SEPTEMBER 2004

Editors: Tom Batchelor and Flávia Alfarroba

The "Fifth International Conference on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide" was held in Lisbon, Portugal, 27-30 September 2004.  It was attended by about 170 technical experts and participants from 30 developed and developing countries.

The Conference consisted of the following sections:

Keynote papers that summarised the procedures for critical use exemptions (CUEs) for methyl bromide submitted to, and evaluated by, the Montreal Protocol's technical experts, and the results of their work; the procedures for licensing methyl bromide for CUEs; The impact of European legislation on pesticides including methyl bromide and its alternatives; an update on methyl bromide and ozone depletion; agriculture certification standards; industry-government partnerships for rapid registration of alternatives; technology transfer; and the importance of leadership in eliminating methyl bromide; 

Overview papers that examined the development and implementation of alternatives in tomato and strawberry crops where most of the methyl bromide is consumed;

Scientific and commercial papers that showed the new products under development and the state of play for alternatives that have been on the market for a range of crops for some time. These papers were grouped into sessions on Strawberry production; Cut-flowers and ornamentals; Improved application methods; Quarantine and pre-shipment; Tomato, pepper and other vegetables; Structures, commodities and artifacts; and International standards, technology transfer and adoption of alternatives.

Alternatives Fair where companies were invited to display and demonstrate products and equipment on methyl bromide alternatives;

Alternatives in use that consisted of summary presented by the co-chairs of each of the sessions; and

Posters were displayed that supported the presentations made by experts.

The major sponsors of the Conference were the Instituto do Ambiente (IA, Ministry of Environment), Direcção-Geral de Protecção das Culturas (DGPC, Ministry of Agriculture), the Technical University of Lisbon / Faculty of Agronomy, ADISA (Associação para o Desenvolvimento do Instituto Superior de Agronomia) and the European Commission. We are also grateful to Dow AgroSciences for a financial contribution towards the cost of the travel expenses for some technical experts.

The organisers gratefully acknowledge the hard work by all those that attended and contributed to the success of the Conference; and to those organisations and enterprises that sponsored the attendance of experts, participants and key events which helped to make this Conference a success.

The "Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Alternatives to Methyl Bromide" contains more than 300 pages of information. First, you may wish to download a copy of the SPEAKER PROGRAMME which shows the speakers and their papers according to the ten Conference themes (shown in red below). Secondly, you may wish to open the Zip or Acrobat versions of the full Conference Proceedings and print a copy. Thirdly, you may wish to view the Conference Proceedings and only select the pages and papers for printing that are of interest to you.  In all versions the colour cover of the Conference Proceedings has not been included in order to reduce the size of the file that can be downloaded and printed.

1. International and national measures affecting the critical uses of methyl bromide

Summary of reports of the meetings of the parties to the montreal protocol on exemptions for the critical uses of methyl bromide for 2005 and 2006.
M.F. Hildebrand

The impact of the montreal protocol and european union controls on methyl bromide.
T.A. Batchelor

Update on the review of pesticides in the european union and implications for methyl bromide and chemical alternatives.
L. Smeets 

2. Strawberry production

Strawberry fruit production: summaries of alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation and trials in different geographic regions.
i. Porter, S. Mattner, R. Gounder, R. Mann, J. Banks and P. Fraser

Main results of trials on methyl bromide alternatives for strawberry fruit and runners produced in spain.
J.M. Lopez aranda, L. Miranda, F. Romero, B. De los santos, C. Soria, J.J. Medina, F. Montes, J.M. Vega, J.I. Paez, J. Bascon, A. Martinez-treceño, D. Garcia-sinovas, E. Garcia-mendez, M. Becerril, A. De cal, T. Salto, M.L. Martinez-beringola, and P. Melgarejo

Substrates as an alternative to methyl bromide for strawberry fruit production in northern europe in both protected and field production.  
F. Lieten

Substrate system for production of strawberry fruit in spain and mediterranean climates.  
J. López-medina, A. Peralbo, M.A. Fernández, D. Hernanz, G. Toscano, M.C.  hernández & F. Flores

Use of 1,3-dichloropropene / chloropicrin for the production of strawberries in spain.  
T. Carrera, A. Carrera and V. Pedros   

The use of telopic in strawberry production in spain.  
Juan Ortega

The use of fumigants and grafted plants as alternatives to methyl bromide for the production of tomatoes and vegetables in italy.  
Carlo Spotti

The use of biofumigation with new types of solarisation film for strawberry production in spain.  
J.J. Medina, L. Miranda, F. Romero, B. De los santos, F. Montes, J.m. Vega, J.I. Paez, J. Bascon, C. Soria and J.M. Lopez aranda

Strawberry nurseries: summaries of alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation and trials in different geographic regions.
I. Porter, S. Mattner, R. Mann and R. Gounder

3. Cucurbits (melon, watermelon and cucumber)

Use of grafted cucurbits in the mediterranean region as an alternative to methyl bromide.  
A. Miguel

Low cost substrate adoption on cucurbitaceae crops: syntesis of experiences carried out in sardinia  
L. Ledda

The use of methyl bromide alternatives for cucurbit production.  
R. Chabrier

4. Cut-flowers and ornamentals

Overview of alternatives to methyl bromide for cut-flower production in industrialized countries.
M. Pizano

Alternatives to methyl bromide for producing cut flowers and bulbs in developing countries
M. Pizano 

Metham sodium as an alternative to methyl bromide for cut-flower production in europe and africa.
M. Barel

Production of carnations without the use of methyl bromide.
M. Llaurado

5. Improved application methods

A systems approach to replace methyl bromide soil fumigation.
J. W. Noling 1 and J.P. Gilreath

New equipment and improved formulations of 1,3-dichloropropene and chloropicrin.  
J.D. Busacca &  P.J. Tsakonas

Improved techniques for the application of metam sodium.
J-M. Rabasse

Improved techniques for the cost-effective application of steam as an alternative to methyl  bromide.  
M. Barel

6. Quarantine and pre-shipment

Preliminary results of an international survey on the use methyl bromide for quarantine and pre-shipment.  
S.C. Ogden

Global protection of plants and the environment - the international plant protection convention and quarantine and pre-shipment applications of methyl bromide.
M.B. De hoop

Practical alternatives to methyl bromide for use as quarantine and pre-shipment treatments in north america.  
P. G. Fields, L. G. Neven and J. Johnson

Overview of alternatives for the disinfestation of solid-wood packing material.
I. mueller-sannmann

7. Tomato, pepper and other vegetables

Leading methyl bromide alternatives in commercial use for tomato production in different all geographic regions except the united states.  
M. Besri

Leading methyl bromide alternatives for tomato production in the united states of america.
J.P. Gilreath &  B.M. Santos

Protected vegetable production in mediterranean region without the use of methyl bromide.
N. Loumakis

Use of grafted plants and ipm methods for the production of tomatoes in the mediterranean region.
A. Miguel

Adoption of methyl bromide alternatives in tomato and vegetable production in sardinia.
S. Leoni, L. Ledda , G.F. Marras

Alternatives to methyl bromide for soil treatment in latin america.
E. pérez montesbravo

Metyhl bromide alternatives project in lebanon.
G. Haroutunian

Biofumigation as an alternative to methyl bromide for the production of tomatoes and other vegetables.
A. García-álvarez, A. Bello, R. Sanz, A. Piedra buena, A. Monserrat, M.A. Díez-rojo

Use of substrates for intensive production of vegetables in europe and mediterranean regions.
F. Tognoni, L. Incrocci & A. Pardossi

Dutch approach on alternatives to methyl bromide including a new development: hot air treatment.
W.T. Runia &  A. Greenberger

8. Structures, commodities and artefacts

Overview: chemical alternatives to methyl bromide used for structures.
D. K. Mueller

Food processing sanitation top priority for controlling pests without methyl bromide.
V. Sotiroudas

Commercial use of sanitation, ipm and heat for disinfestation of flour mills and food processing facilities.
D.M. Stanbridge

Methyl bromide alternatives used in northern and central europe for the disinfestation of structures.
henrik L. Lange

The use of controlled atmospheres and heat for the disinfestation of commodities, artefacts and structures.
F. Bergwerff

The role of attitudes, economy and training in methyl bromide substitution: an example from the post-harvest sector.
J. Böye and O. Mück

Case study: the use of controlled atmosphere for pest control in lassie rice storage facilities (a sara lee company).  
C.J.H.  maas

Transportable hermetic storage and vacuum equipment for disinfestation of durable commodities.
S. Finkelman, S. Navarro, M. Rindner & R. Dias

Integrated stored product protection methods to replace the use of methyl bromide for pest control in grains, dried fruits and nuts.   
C. Adler

Disinfestation of chestnuts without the use of methyl bromide.   
M. D. Anastácio & A. Pires

The use of sulphuryl fluoride in europe for structure and commodity disinfestation.
C. H. Bell 

9. International standards, technology transfer and adoption of alternatives

Update on methyl bromide and ozone depletion.
R.G. Derwent, P.G. Simmonds, S. O'doherty & A.J. Manning

International mps certification system for cut-flower production.
P. Van't hoff 

Reducing the use of methyl bromide via eurepgap - the private sector holistic approach.
K. Moeller

Industry-government partnership for the rapid registration of alternatives to methyl bromide  -  update of results in the united states.
J. A. Norton, J.J. Baron & R. E. Holm 

The importance of leadership and innovative activities for the successful implementation of the montreal protocol.
L.J.M. Kuijpers, S.O. Andersen &  J.I. Pons

International and national policies that have promoted - the reduction and phase-out of methyl bromide.  
M.K. Miller

Effective technology transfer methods for adoption of methyl bromide alternatives in the soil sector in projects funded by the montreal protocol: the case of argentina.
A. Valeiro

The importance of technology transfer in the global phase out of methyl bromide.  
d. K. Mueller

10. Poster abstracts, and poster-papers

The posters and poster-papers begin after page 275 in the proceedings

11. alternatives fair

Update on sulfuryl fluoride as an alternative to methyl bromide.
Jeff Welker

ECO2 products and services for mb alternatives
Nico Vroom

Heat and vacuum-hermetic systems
Shlomo Navarro

Commercially available alternatives for structures and commodities
Dave Mueller

Alternatives to methyl bromide in strawberry crops
Alejandro Peguero Martínez

Cultivit hot air treatment, the right alternative, at the right time
Felix Peters

Sep 100, sodium azide-based broad spectrum pesticide
Doug Richards

Effect of dazitol and methyl bromide on nematodes in tomatoes, compared with untreated control
Jonathan Slevin

Use of agrocelhone in cut flower production in southern spain
Alejandro Peguero

Móvilvap steam equipment for soil disinfection (movie file, not available for website)
Edgardo Lalic

12. Summaries of alternatives presented in the papers

International and national measures affecting the critical uses of methyl bromide
Melanie Miller

Strawberry production
Ian Porter

Cucurbits - melon, watermelon, cucumber (antonio lavadinho);
structures, commodities & artefacts (jeff welker);
alternatives fair - soil treatments (ricardo gomes);
alternatives fair - postharvest treatments (david mueller)

Cut-flowers & ornamentals
Marta Pizano

Tomato, pepper and other vegetables
Mohamed Besri

Improved application methods
Bielinski Santos

Quarantine and pre-shipment
José Fernandes

International standards, technology transfer and adoption of alternatives
Dean Stanbridge