Sweden, France and Malta pre-notifiy eID schemes
Europe's interconnected network of national electronic IDs, or the eIDAS network, is set to grow, with three further countries – Sweden, France and Malta pre-notifying their eID schemes. First Sweden with its national eID scheme (Svensk elegitimation) in December 2020, followed by France with “FranceConnect+/ The Digital Identity La Poste” and Malta with it’s Maltese eID card and e-residence documents in March 2021 that have taken this first step towards a fully notified scheme under the eIDAS Regulation. Notification means that these eIDs will be “mutually recognised” across Europe by, with other EU countries allowing their use to access their public services.
Before the schemes are formally notified they will undergo a peer review carried out by experts from other EU countries to ensure the schemes’ interoperability and security. When this is successfully completed, the official notification is published in the Official Journal of the European Union. Adaptations to public services in the other Member States’ are then to be made in the following 12 months so users can identify themselves using the newly notified schemes. Currently, there are 14 Member States that have notified eID schemes under the regulation (Belgium, Czechia, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Croatia, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia).
A full overview of the eID schemes pre-notified and notified under eIDAS can be found here.
The Swedish scheme
The Swedish eID scheme, provided by the Agency for Digital Government (“DIGG”), consists of an infrastructure “Svensk e-legitimation” (Swedish eID) that is built on a legal framework, contractual agreement structure, supervisory regime and technical infrastructure.
Traditionally in Sweden, public authorities have not issued ID documents. BankID is the issuer of eID means with the largest number of users in Sweden, which after several years and corresponding to regulatory developments was joined by Freja eID+ in August 2018 and EFOS, which is issued by the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and can be used only by public servants.
Freja eID+ is a mobile application. Bank ID also comes in a mobile application (Mobile BankID) form as well as BankID on a smartcard or a BankID soft token. BankID can be used to provide in-person identity proofing or remotely through an online bank. EFOS comes in the form of an identity card including a chip and a photo and can be used for in-person identity proofing by public servants.
eServices are widely used in the Swedish society and there are currently around 4, 000 eServices available accepting eIDs from the issuers carrying the Swedish eID trust mark in both the public and private sector. Services provided by the public sector are wide ranging from tax, healthcare, insurance to informing the municipality of a fireplace installation, financial services such as internet banking and the payment service Swish as well as for public eServices such as for the Swedish Tax Agency, The Swedish Social Insurance Agency and the public eHealth service “Vårdguiden”.
The French scheme
The French scheme, provided by the Interministerial Digital Direction (“DINUM”), consists of FranceConnect+ and La Poste. La Poste is the leading identity provider in France and FranceConnect+ is a federator of digital identity providers that has the objective to be recognised by all administrations and certain private sector regulated actors, enabling French or European users to be recognised when carrying out online procedures.
Users of the French eID scheme must enter their User ID and Password to authenticate as demonstrated in the below visual.
Over 700 online procedures are currently available through the use of FranceConnect including tax, citizenship, health, transportation, family and energy procedures.
The Maltese scheme
The Maltese scheme, managed by the Identity Malta Agency (IMA), is based on two electronic identification means – the Maltese eID card and the e-residence documents. Both are smart card-based solutions and can be used for authentication and electronic signing. The Maltese eID card is issued to citizens of Malta and the e-residence document is issued to foreign nationals residing in Malta. Both means are issued by an eIDAS certified qualified trust services provider (QTSP) – the IMA - and can be used to log into a web portal that enables access to other sites; the web portal is currently used by Malta to access eGovernment services.
The web portal is part of the modernization of Malta’s eID in 2020, which also included the introduction of a dashboard. Both the portal and dashboard are accessible on Malta’s eID government site (https://eid.gov.mt) and are integrated with online government services allowing both citizens and residents to authenticate themselves. The modernization of eID in Malta further includes enhanced security features and a new page on the website that allow eID users to adjust privacy and security related features.
To access the services offered on Malta’s eID government site, users can authenticate by provide their ID number and password or by using their eID card.
To keep track of the progress of France, Sweden and Malta’s eID schemes as they go through the steps to become notified under the eIDAS Regulation, you can join our eID user community here or tune in to our news updates on the CEF eID building block site.
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