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Estonian e-Notary

The e-Notary system environment allows notaries to making queries to 16 different registries, i.e. for drawing up and formulating the wording of contracts, forwarding contracts to various registers and monitoring the implementation process of contracts.

@Photo from Pixabay.

Summary 

The e-Notary system is an online environment, which helps notaries in their everyday work and allows electronic communication between notaries and the state. The environment allows notaries to do everything they need in their work. The system also allows making queries to 16 different registries (for example the Marital Property Register, the Official Announcements, the Estonian Central Registry of Securities, the Register of Constructions, the Land Register, the Traffic Registry, the Land Cadastre, the Succession Register, the Population Register, the Registry of Recreational Craft, the Business Register). The system is owned by the Chamber of Notaries and the servers are administrated by the Centre of Registers and Information Systems; the latter also provides user support, trains users and develops the system.


URLe-RIK
Focus

Citizens

Business

Start date1 Feb 2007
Domain

Others

ScopeNational/Federal 
CountryEstonia
Nature and status of project Rolled Out 
Is the OOP case/enabler mandatory?

Mandatory


Enabling assets or components 

Relevant Enablers
Estonian data exchange layer for information systems (X-Road)
Estonian Public Key Infrastructure
Estonian Catalogue of Public Sector Information (RIHA)
Estonian three-level IT baseline security system ISKE


Political commitment
Interoperability of the State Information System, Endorsed with the Directive of the Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications 11-0377, 22.12.2011, https://www.mkm.ee/sites/default/files/interoperability-framework_2011.doc
Legal interoperability
Notaries Act. Riigikogu, RT I 2000, 104, 684, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/511032016002/consolide
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Explanatory memorandum to the statute for keeping the e-notary information
system, https://riha.eesti.ee/riha/main?araTopServiceId=application&araThreadServiceId=j3WXs51v&araTransactionId=override
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Notariaadimäärustik. Riigikogu, RT I, 25.09.2015, 5, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/13261784?leiaKehtiv
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Statutes of the electronic information system of notaries (e-notary), https://riha.eesti.ee/riha/main?araTopServiceId=application&araThreadServiceId=a5fJ5rvz&araTransactionId=override
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Public Information Act. Riigikogu, RT I 2000, 92, 597, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/518012016001/consolide
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The classification system. Vabariigi Valitsus, RT I 2008, 4, 27, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/12910889
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The data exchange layer of information system. Vabariigi Valitsus, RT I 27.09.2016, 4, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/127092016004
Socio-cultural influence factors
Census procedures supported by census act, by strategic documents of Statistics Estonia.

All registers must linked by use commonly accepted keys:
• personal code for citizens,
• code of institution,
• standardised address presentation.

Secure data exchange layer X-Road (https://www.ria.ee/en/x-road.html) is used for gathering data from different registers. X-Road is a technological and organizational environment enabling a secure Internet-based data exchange between information systems. All registers and Statistics Estonia must be a member of X-Road

Information regarding the X-Road members and the services they provide is available via the Administration System for the State Information System (RIHA). RIHA (https://www.ria.ee/en/administration-system-of-the-state-information-system.html ) serves as a catalogue for the state’s information system. At the same time RIHA is a procedural and administrative environment via which the comprehensive and balanced development of the state’s information system has ensured. RIHA guarantees the transparency of the administration of the state’s information system and helps to plan the state’s information management.

PKI or the public key infrastructure (https://www.ria.ee/en/public-key-infrastructure.html ) enables secure digital authentication and signing. The infrastructure also allows forwarding data by using an encrypting key pair: a public encryption key and a private decryption key. In Estonia, this technology is used in relation with electronic identity (ID card, mobile ID, digital ID). All members of X-Road are using Digital seal certificates for signing messages. Citizens and officials are using electronic identity tokens.

Data handling / data exchange

Type of data sharing

Actual data


Data handler

Stakeholder nameStakeholder typeStakeholder roleKind of data

Estonian Chamber of Notaries

GovernmentDatabase ownerData needed for contracts
Centre of Registers and Information SystemsGovernmentData controllerData needed for contracts
Migration RegisterGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Building RegisterGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Monuments RegisterGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Register of funded PensionsGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Estonian Central Register of SecuritiesGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Consolidated List of TerroristGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Small Ship RegisterGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Traffic registerGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Register Of Marriage ContractsGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Population RegisterGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Register of State and Local GovernmentsGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Commercial RegisterGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Land RegisterGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Succession RegisterGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Register of Official AnnouncementsGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
European Network of Registers of WillsGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
Land CadasterGovernmentData providerData needed for contracts
CitizenCitizenData consumerData needed for contracts
NotarBusinessData consumerData needed for contracts
EntrepreneurBusinessData consumerData needed for contracts


Architecture

Other resources: 17 registers

E-Notary is an everyday tool for notaries that helps them acquire information from different databases for drawing up and formulating the wording of contracts, forward contracts to various registers an monitor the implementation process of contracts. Since the information system offers contract templates and all the necessary data can be requested from different registers with just a few mouse clicks, the preparation of contracts is fast and easy. As a result, the e-Notary system has increased the efficiency of notaries’ work. Last but not least, all clients can securely obtain a legally valid electronic copy of their contracts from the citizen portal free of charge.

The e-Notary programme can only be used by notaries and notary office employees (deputy notaries, lawyers, secretaries, receptionists and archive employees).

External impacts

The e-Notary is useful because it:

• Acquires data about the parties to a transaction and the object of a transaction from other registers;
• Helps the notary to compile notarial deeds;
• Registers notarial acts;
• Helps the notary to digitally sign notarial deeds;
• Helps to calculate notary fees and state fees;
• Compiles invoices for the payment of notary fees and pre-filled payment orders for the payment of state fees;
• Sends data about transactions to other national registers;
• Stores the transaction with the related data in the digital notarial archive;
• Helps notary to register apostilles;
• Compiles notarial statistics

Lessons learned

Enablers

Enabler 1. Secure data exchange layer for confidential and legally binding data needed. In case of Estonia the X-Road is used
Enabler 2. The unique personal identification code provide opportunity to merge personal data from different registers.
Enabler 3. The unique company commercial registry code provide opportunity to merge business data from different registers.
Enabler 4. Master data in registers must described in catalogue RIHA properly.
Enabler 5. Agreements about semantic interoperability needed: 14 standardised code lists

Barriers

Barrier 1. Legal interoperability: some paper based requirements
Barrier 2. High development costs
Barrier 3. Organisational interoperability

Source: https://scoop4c.eu/cases/estonian-e-notary

Disclaimer: Please note that this article is a result of the SCOOP4C Pilot Project, not an application of a CEF Building Block.




Last updated on  Jul 29, 2019 10:54

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