Estonian e-Ambulance and time-critical health data
In an emergency, it is very helpful to have quick background information for patient review, especially as the patient is often unconscious. When a person is identified, time-critical data, like information about allergies, can be quickly served from a central database.
@Photo from Pixabay.
In emergency situations (ambulance or emergency service) it is very helpful to have quick background information for patient review, especially as the patient is often unconscious. When a person is identified (personal ID–code is identified), time-critical data (allergies, past acute submissions and visits, the main diagnoses, major surgeries, medications, etc) can be quickly served from a central database. The time–critical data include allergies, last visits, the main diagnoses, major surgeries, medications, etc. The speed and quality of this service depends on the integrated solutions of the specific health care providers system.
|Start date||1 Jan 2008|
|Nature and status of project||Rolled Out|
|Is the OOP case/enabler mandatory?||Opt-in|
Enabling assets or components
Estonian data exchange layer for information systems (X-Road)
Estonian Public Key Infrastructure
Estonian Catalogue of Public Sector Information (RIHA)
Estonian three-level IT baseline security system ISKE
e-Health National Strategy
Health Services Organisation Act, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/513032017001/consolide
Especially Chapter 51 HEALTH INFORMATION SYSTEM (adopted on 2008)
National Health Information System Regulation, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/106122016011
Personal Data Protection Act, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/12805972?leiaKehtiv
Public Information Act, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/518012016001/consolide
Population Register Act, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/523032017001/consolide
Socio-cultural influence factors
Legal and organizational interoperability: legislation approved by stakeholders
All registers must linked by use commonly accepted keys:
• personal code for citizens,
• code of institution,
• standardized address presentation.
Secure data exchange layer X-Road (https://www.ria.ee/en/x-road.html) is used for gathering data from different registers. X-Road is a technological and organizational environment enabling a secure Internet-based data exchange between information systems. All registers and Statistics Estonia must be a member of X-Road
Information regarding the X-Road members and the services they provide is available via the Administration System for the State Information System (RIHA). RIHA (https://www.ria.ee/en/administration-system-of-the-state-information-system.html ) serves as a catalogue for the state’s information system. At the same time RIHA is a procedural and administrative environment via which the comprehensive and balanced development of the state’s information system has ensured. RIHA guarantees the transparency of the administration of the state’s information system and helps to plan the state’s information management.
PKI or the public key infrastructure (https://www.ria.ee/en/public-key-infrastructure.html ) enables secure digital authentication and signing. The infrastructure also allows forwarding data by using an encrypting key pair: a public encryption key and a private decryption key. In Estonia, this technology is used in relation with electronic identity (ID card, mobile ID, digital ID). All members of X-Road are using Digital seal certificates for signing messages. Citizens and officials are using electronic identity tokens.
All participants must be implemented three-level IT baseline security system ISKE (https://www.ria.ee/en/iske-en.html). The goal of implementing ISKE is to ensure a security level sufficient for the data processed in IT systems. The necessary security level achieved by implementing the standard organisational, infrastructural/physical and technical security measures.
Data guidelines of Estonian Data Protection Inspectorate (http://www.aki.ee/et/juhised) must followed.
Data handling / data exchange
Type of data sharing
|Stakeholder name||Stakeholder type||Stakeholder role||Kind of data|
|Health Information System services – time-critical data and e-Ambulance (TEHIK)||Government||Database owner||Health data|
|Population Register||Government||Data provider||Personal Data|
|Business Register||Government||Data provider||Business Data|
Health Care providers (Emergency service, GP, Hospitals, Dentists)
|Business||Data consumer||Health data|
|Health Insurance Status Register (Health Insurance Foundation)||Government||Data provider||Health data|
|Health care providers Register (Health care Board)||Government||Data consumer||Health data|
|Health professionals Register (Health care Board)||Government||Data provider||Semantic assets|
|HIS X-Road MISP – portal for Emergency Mobile Stations||Government||Data aggregator||Health data|
|State Information Board (X-road, eID, Mobile-ID, ID-card)||Government||Data supervisor||Semantic assets|
- A brief general overview of patient’s critical data is available without any tests in emergency situations incl. in emergency medical care via mobile desks to the Ambulance and Emergency care
- Collected data can be used already in the Ambulance care on the way to patient when the ID code is detected via the rescue desk (112)
- Patient historical and current data could reuse directly to the Ambulance record and to send to the hospital if needed
• Legal, organizational, technical, social-cultural, fiscal and professional interoperability
• The HIS architecture enables the fast collection and reusing the data (special agents collecting over the all cases the critical data)
• Wireless secure access to the data from anywhere, technical solutions
• Good cooperation with Rescue Administration, Police and the ministries of Interior and Communication and Economy
• Optimized working flow and data reusing
Technical equipment and secure wireless connection for mobile desks outside the hospitals (in the Ambulance car on anywhere where the patient is)
High development costs (standards, hardware, software, training)
Disclaimer: Please note that this article is a result of the SCOOP4C Pilot Project, not an application of a CEF Building Block.
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