Via this page you can lodge a complaint against breach of EU law by a Member State. This form is available in 23 languages. Please use the drop-down menu at the top right of the screen to switch to another language.
The Commission welcomes complaints as an important source of information, to help it detect possible infringements of EU law.
After receiving your complaint, the Commission will:
- register it and confirm receipt of your complaint within 15 working days
- assess your complaint within the following 12 months (if the issue is especially complicated, it can take longer)
- where appropriate, propose to transfer it to the most suitable problem-solving mechanism
- inform you about progress on your complaint.
However, please note Commission action in response to complaints is unlikely to directly resolve your personal situation:
- The Commission is not obliged to open formal infringement procedures – even if it considers a breach has occurred.
- If the Commission does formally follow up your complaint, its aim is a general one – to ensure the laws of the Member State in question are brought fully into line with EU law and correctly applied.
If the European Court of Justice confirms a breach of EU law, the Member State in question has to take action, to remedy the breach.
In order to directly resolve your personal situation, or be awarded compensation, you should take action locally, in the Member State concerned.
- if solving your problem requires a national decision to be annulled, only national courts can do this.
- if you are seeking compensation for damage, only national courts have the power to order authorities in their jurisdiction to award this.
Submitting a complaint to the Commission does not suspend the time limits for starting legal action under national law.
If you need more direct advice, you can contact our enquiry service.
Filling out the complaint form
You will need to provide:
- your contact details
- a description of the problem
- information on all previous action or appeals taken to solve the problem
- the EU Member State you are complaining about
- the name of the authority (national, regional or local) or body you believe has breached EU law
- a description of the facts and reasons for your complaint
- the specific EU law (or principles underpinning EU law) that you believe has (have) been breached
You will be asked to list relevant supporting documents. Keeping these at hand will help you complete the form.
Fields marked with an asterisk (*) are mandatory.
Are you submitting this complaint on your own behalf?
Does the Member State concerned receive (or could it receive in future) EU funding relating to the subject of your complaint?
List any supporting documents/evidence, which you could – if requested – send to the Commission.
Please don't enclose any documents at this stage.
After you click Submit complaint, you will receive a receipt confirmation by email.