SHE FIGURES 2021

About She Figures

The She Figures publication is the main source of pan European, comparable statistics on the state of gender equality in research and innovation.

The data presented throughout six chapters, follow the 'chronological journey' of women from graduating from doctoral studies to participating in the labour market and acquiring decision-making roles, while exploring differences in women and men's working conditions and research outputs.

Explore the focus of each She Figures chapter below along with some data trends.

2021 edition

  • Seven policy briefs were developed on emerging and ongoing policy priorities in the area of gender equality in R&I. The policy briefs cover topics related to women's presence, participation and progression in science, institutional culture and institutional change, gender imbalance in Europe's research leadership, gender dimension in research and innovation content and training, holistic view of STEM education at undergraduate level, promoting a gender perspective in innovation, and intersectionality.
  • For each EU Member State, a country fiche has been developed with key results in thematic areas, so all European citizens can have more information on how their countries are performing.
  • The updated 'She Figures Handbook' provides the latest methodological guidance on data collection and calculation of indicators.
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Chapter 2

The pool of graduate talent

Source: Source: Eurostat – Education Statistics (online data code: educ_uoe_grad02), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (Tertiary graduates by level of education).
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Chapter 3

Participation in science and technology (S&T) occupations

Source: Eurostat – Labour Force Survey (online data code: lfsa_egan) & Human Resources in science and technology (online data code: hrst_st_ncat).
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Source: Eurostat – Labour Force Survey Annual Average Quarterly data, 2018
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Chapter 4

Labour market participation as researchers

Source: Eurostat – Statistics on research and development (online data code: rd_p_persocc) and UIS - Total R&D personnel by function and sector of employment)
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Source: Eurostat – Statistics on research and development (online data code: rd_p_persocc) and UIS - Total R&D personnel by function and sector of employment)

Chapter 5

Working conditions of researchers

Source: MORE4 survey
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Chapter 6

Career advancement and participation in decision-making

Source: Women in Science database, DG Research and Innovation - T1_questionnaires , Education Statistics (online data codes: educ_uoe_enrt03, educ_uoe_grad02)

Bachelor's and Master's or equivalent level (ISCED levels 6 & 7) followed by Doctoral level or equivalent (ISCED level 8).
ISCED 6 – Bachelor's or equivalent level.
ISCED 7 – Master's or equivalent level.
ISCED 8 – Doctoral or equivalent level.
Grade C: The first grade/post into which a newly qualified PhD (ISCED 8) graduate would normally be recruited within the institutional or corporate system.
Grade B: All researchers working in positions that are not as senior as the top position (A) but definitely more senior than the newly qualified PhD holders (C) (i.e. below A and above C).
Grade A: The single highest grade / post at which research is normally conducted within the institutional or corporate system
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Source: Women in Science database, DG Research and Innovation - T7_questionnaires
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Chapter 7

Research and innovation output

Source: Computed by Elsevier using Scopus data.
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Source: Computed by using European patent applications (kind codes A1 and A2) in PATSTAT
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