Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2011 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA (OJ L 101, 1 15.4.2011)
The Directive provides binding legislation to prevent trafficking, to prosecute criminals effectively and better to protect the victims, in line with the highest European standards.
Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on combating the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA
This Directive establishes minimum rules concerning the definition of criminal offences and sanctions in the area of sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children, child pornography and solicitation of children for sexual purposes. It also introduces provisions to strengthen the prevention of those crimes and the protection of the victims thereof.
The European Commission has adopted the decision to apply to United Kingdom the Directive 2011/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings and protecting its victims.
The Directive 2011/36/EU shall come into force for the United Kingdom from the date of notification of this Decision.
2000/375/JHA, 2000, 5 pages
With this Council Decision, the European Union aims to prevent and combat the production, processing, distribution and possession of child pornography on the Internet.
In order to intensify the measures to prevent and combat this crime, established focal points should be established for communication between Member States together with other channels such as Europol and Interpol. A dialogue between Member States and the industry should further eliminate child pornography on the Internet.
2001/220/JHA, 2001, 4 pages
This Council Framework Decision provides for minimum rights for crime victims in criminal proceedings. It sets out provisions whereby victims are guaranteed the right to be heard, the opportunity to participate in the procedures, protection, compensation and access to mediation and to any relevant information. These rights should also be guaranteed when the offence was committed in another Member State.
2004/68/JHA, 5 pages
The purpose of this Framework Decision is to approximate the laws and regulations in Member States in order to combat the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography. The Framework Decision introduces a base of common provisions on criminalisation, sanctions, aggravating circumstances, jurisdiction and assistance to victims.
The objective of the 24 October 2008 Council Framework Decision is to include closer cooperation between the EU Member States in order to counter the dangers and proliferation of criminal organiSations. By doing this, the Framework Decision aims at responding effectively to requirements from the Member States' and to citizens' expectations.
The adoption on 19 July 2002 of the Framework Decision on combating trafficking in human beings (which is currently being revised) defined human trafficking in terms of sexual exploitation and labour exploitation. The instrument introduced a framework of measures to be adopted at European level. These included aspects of the problem such as criminalisation, the severity and nature of punishments and prosecution as well as protection of and assistance to victims.
COM/2009/136 final, 19 pages
The March 2009 Proposal for a Council Framework Decision on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings, which would replace the Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA, aimed at further reconciling discrepancies between laws of the EU Member States on prevention, victim protection and prosecution of traffickers.
COM/2010/95 final, 24 pages