Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP) 2012
U.S State Department, 2012, 61 pages
Like previous editions, the 2012 Trafficking in Persons Report looks closely at how governments around the world are fulfilling their obligations to combat trafficking in human beings. The report makes government-specific recommendations, and calls upon the international community as a whole to advance a more robust victim-centered response to this crime.
This year’s Trafficking in Persons Report focuses on how to make victim protection—part of the 3P Paradigm of prevention, prosecution, and protection - most effective for helping survivors get their lives back on track.
This Report emphasises that a fourth “P” - partnership - is integral to the success of any anti-trafficking strategy. Governments, civil society, the private sector, and the public at large working together will lead to the most effective response to modern slavery.
The Department places each country in the 2012 TIP Report onto one of three tiers, as mandated by the TVPA (United States Trafficking Victims Protection Act).
In the 2012 Report, many EU Member States s are classed in tier 1, except Portugal, Greece, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria, Malta, Estonia, Latvia (tier 2), and Cyprus (tier 2 watch list).