Legislation and the Situation Concerning Trafficking in Human Beings
International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD), 2010, 286 pages
The report analyses how legislation and policies on trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and relating areas influence the the actual situation concerning trafficking for sexual exploitation. The report cover 17 EU Member States (Austria, Bulgaria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Spain, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden and the UK). It provides the European Commission and the EU Member States with information on how to improve future legal and programmatic actions in this area.
Some of the major findings of the study include:
- The legislation on prostitution to a large extent shapes the environment in which supply and demand for sexual services develop. This includes those services provided by trafficked persons.
- There is no clear increase in the recorded number of victims of trafficking or in the number of criminal cases of trafficking in human beings over time. However, in most countries, the majority of identified victims of trafficking were trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation , and numerous legislative gaps in compliance exist, especially when it comes to victim assistance. The research also indicates large discrepancies between the law and its implementation
- The EU countries' national legislations are increasingly reflecting the EU standards and requirements on trafficking in human beings, although there are strong differences between the 17 studied countries.
Note that the date of publication is indicative.