Forced labour and UK immigration policy: status matters?
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Peter Dwyer et al., 12 October 2011, 45 pages
The UK is home to a diverse range of migrant communities. This paper explores how much the immigration status affects the international migrants’ vulnerability to forced labour.
Five broad categories of migrants have been identified:
- Asylum seekers and refugees, who enter the UK and make a claim for protection.
- Labour migrants, who legally enter the UK to take up paid work.
- Irregular migrants, some of whom enter the UK via smuggling or trafficking routes.
- Students who come to the UK for educational purposes and
- Joining family members who enter the country for marriage or family reunification.