The concept of ‘exploitation’ in the trafficking in persons protocol
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2015, 136 pages
Article 3(a) of the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Trafficking in Persons Protocol) provides the formal definition of trafficking in persons.
The Protocol definition has been widely embraced by States and the international community. However, over the past decade it has become evident that questions remain about certain aspects of that definition and its practical application.
This present study therefore, ensures that that important concepts contained in the Protocol are clearly understood and, therefore, consistently implemented and applied by States Parties.
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